Germany is very keen to see a stable, democratic and economically flourishing Ukraine. That is why the German Government has provided the country with such a high level of support. Since 2014, Germany has provided Ukraine with a total of around 1.2 billion euros.
Within the framework of bilateral development cooperation, around 544 million euros have been newly pledged since 2014. The projects are mainly implemented by GIZ and KfW. The cooperation is focused on democracy, public administration, sustainable economic development and civil society.
Beacon projects include support for decentralisation reforms, the development of public broadcasting via the Deutsche Welle Akademie, the promotion of enhanced energy efficiency in residential buildings and the establishment of the German-Ukrainian Agricultural Policy Dialogue.
What is more, projects from other funding sources (e.g. transitional aid, the special initiative Tackling the Root Causes of Displacement, Reintegrating Refugees) and other institutions (e.g. political foundations, NGOs, social organisations, chambers, associations) have been approved. Many projects aimed at helping the internally displaced (essential supplies, housing, employment) and fostering the reconstruction or development of social infrastructure in eastern Ukraine are also being implemented.
In 2019, Germany was the largest bilateral donor of humanitarian assistance (around 137.6 million euros since 2014). This assistance has been used for demining, the removal of other explosive remnants and other purposes.
In addition to the bilateral assistance provided by individual ministries, in 2014 the German Government made available a loan guarantee to the tune of 500 million euros which, among other things, is being used for Ukraine’s deposit guarantee fund and the modernisation of substations.
Furthermore, since 2014 Germany has provided 77 million euros for the exchange among civil societies in the countries of the Eastern Partnership (EaP), as well as Russian and German NGOs.
With 23 million euros for bilateral and 12 million euros for regional projects, Ukraine is the main focus of these activities. All support measures funded by the German Government are pooled in a Ukraine Action Plan.
Several federal ministries and implementing organisations such as KfW and GIZ, as well as business and civil society, are involved in its implementation. The Federal Foreign Office is in charge of coordinating the plan. The Action Plan contains both short-term measures to alleviate acute hardship and medium and long-term projects, as well as programmes designed to tackle further-reaching structural problems in Ukraine. A level of cooperation which is almost unparalleled in Germany’s relations with other countries has thus been established. This bilateral cooperation is being continually further enhanced by direct talks between the two sides and frequent two-way visits.
Germany is one of Ukraine’s most important trading and investment partners. It is not only the second largest supplier of Ukrainian imports and a key market for Ukrainian exports, but also one of the biggest sources of foreign investment in Ukraine.