Djibouti is a country of regional importance due to its stability and its strategically significant location in the crisis-ridden Horn of Africa. This was underscored when Germany opened an embassy there in spring 2010. Djibouti opened an embassy in Berlin in autumn 2011. Diplomatic relations were established when Djibouti gained independence in 1977 and are amicable. Since 2008, Germany has provided financial support for the fight against piracy off the coast of Somalia within the framework of the EU Operation EUNAVFOR Atalanta. A Bundeswehr contingent was stationed in Djibouti until May 2021.
Djibouti is not one of Germany’s partner countries for bilateral development cooperation. It benefits from regional projects supported by Germany and organised via the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), which has its headquarters in Djibouti, as well as from EU and UN‑funded measures.
The priorities of EU engagement are infrastructure projects, particularly in the fields of road construction, water and sanitation, as well as macroeconomic support and assistance for good governance. The largest EU project in Djibouti to date is a seawater desalination plant with a total sum of more than 70 million euro, which commenced operations in March 2021. Funds from the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) benefit not only refugees (around 35,000 refugees in a country with one million inhabitants) but also the local population.
Germany supports internally displaced persons and refugees in Somalia and neighbouring countries (including Djibouti, Kenya, Yemen and Ethiopia) by providing flexible regional funding through UNHCR. Via IOM funding, Germany supports between around 600,000 and one million migrants (mainly from Ethiopia), for whom Djibouti is a country of transit, destination and return.
The German Government, through the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, provides support for the regional organisation IGAD, not least for its work on improving drought resilience and food security as well as developing a regional migration policy.
Djibouti offers investment potential for German companies particularly in the spheres of transport, logistics (ports) and renewable energies (photovoltaics, wind, geothermics).