Relations between Germany and Spain are close and friendly. According to the Federal Statistical Office, 181,625 Spaniards lived in Germany at the end of 2020. The Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) reported that in 2019 almost 112,000 German nationals were resident in Spain.
The two countries enjoy close political relations. Federal President Steinmeier and Federal Chancellor Merkel travelled to Spain in 2018, as did Foreign Minister Maas, who returned in 2020 on another bilateral visit, and in 2019 and 2021 for multilateral meetings in Madrid. Consultations regularly take place at senior official level.
In 2020, Germany was Spain’s second-largest trading partner after France. Spain is an important business location for German enterprises. Germany ranks first among suppliers of imports to Spain, and is the second-largest destination for exports from the country. Worldwide, Spain is in 12th place among Germany’s trading partners.
In 2019, before COVID-19 struck, 11.3 million Germans visited the country, making them the second-largest group of tourists. In 2020, that figure fell to 2.41 million because of the pandemic.Spain will be the Guest of Honour at the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2022. The Goethe-Institut promotes cultural exchange from its offices in Madrid and Barcelona. Spain currently has 23 schools in the Schools: Partners for the Future programme, a worldwide network of schools funded by the Federal Foreign Office, including seven German schools abroad that receive financial support and personnel from Germany. The German Archaeological Institute (DAI) has a Department in Madrid, and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) has maintained an Information Centre in the city since 2011