Last updated in Mai 2017
The Federal Republic of Germany established diplomatic relations with Chad in 1960, the second European country to do so, after France. Apart from short interruptions, there has been a German Embassy in N’Djamena since 1963. Germany is highly regarded in Chad on account of the close relations between the two countries over the past decades and thanks to its longstanding and substantial development cooperation. Bilateral development cooperation was terminated at the end of 2012 but humanitarian and transitional aid, multilateral development cooperation and projects aimed at conflict prevention and human rights protection are continuing, as is cultural, academic and scientific cooperation.
Besides Germany, France is the only other European Union country to maintain an embassy in Chad. The European Union has its own Delegation there which, besides acting as a development cooperation partner, has also assumed political functions since the Lisbon Treaty entered into force in late 2009.
Respect for human rights, the building of democratic institutions and the establishment of the rule of law in the country are very important elements in bilateral relations. In consultation with its EU partners in Chad, Germany supported the process of democratic dialogue initiated by the agreement between the government and the opposition parties, which was signed on 13 August 2007. Since the committee set up for this purpose was dissolved in mid-2012 and a new extra-parliamentary “consultation framework” was established in April 2013, Germany has actively supported Chad’s efforts to promote democracy, pluralism and the rule of law.
Chad’s President Idriss Déby Itno visited Germany for the first time on 12 October 2016. His talks with Federal Chancellor Merkel focused on issues relating to regional security and cooperation, in particular the joint fight against terrorism. The other principal topics were refugees and migration as well as bilateral relations.
Germany’s trade relations with Chad are insignificant. Germany is not known to have made any investments there. Chad’s Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Agriculture, Mining and Crafts (CCIAMA) in N’Djamena serves as a first stop for companies wishing to establish business contacts to or from Germany. Institutions performing this function on the German side include the German-African Business Association.
Since bilateral development cooperation was terminated at the end of 2012, German assistance has focused on humanitarian and transitional aid (including help for the approximately 350,000 refugees from Darfur in eastern Chad), regional development projects (mainly in the environmental and health care sectors) and measures to protect human rights and prevent conflicts. Last year, Germany made available EUR 5.66 million in humanitarian aid, bringing the total amount of transitional aid provided since 2010 to more than EUR 23 million. In addition, Germany plays a major role in international development cooperation indirectly through its financial contributions to development programmes conducted by the EU, the World Bank, the IMF and the African Development Bank. Germany contributes 20 per cent of the substantial aid provided by the EU (totalling some EUR 109 million thus far).
In autumn 2008, the Federal Government concluded an agreement with the Lake Chad Basin Commission, a multilateral, N’Djamena-based organisation with six member states, on the sustainable use of water resources in the Lake Chad Basin. In April 2013, this project was complemented by a further measure that focuses on climate change and its impact on the Lake Chad Basin. The project has a total volume of EUR 8.9 million.
In addition, Germany advocates providing support to Chad from the EU funding for refugees.
Public and private radio and TV stations in Chad rebroadcast Deutsche Welle programmes. A small number of Germany-related cultural events are held in Chad (German Film Week, occasional theatrical productions, etc.).People in Chad have a generally positive but rather vague image of Germany. Chad would welcome stronger German engagement in the country, especially in the area of vocational and further training.