The Federal Republic of Germany established diplomatic relations with Chad in 1960, the second European country to do so after France. Germany is highly regarded in Chad on account of the close relations between the two countries over the past decades and thanks to its longstanding and substantial development cooperation. Bilateral development cooperation was terminated at the end of 2012, but humanitarian and transitional aid, multilateral development cooperation and projects aimed at conflict prevention and human rights protection are continuing, as is cultural, academic and scientific cooperation.
Respect for human rights, the building of democratic institutions and the establishment of rule-of-law structures in the country are very important in bilateral relations. In consultation with its EU partners in Chad, Germany supported the process of democratic dialogue initiated by the agreement between the government and the opposition parties, which was signed on 13 August 2007. Since the committee set up for this purpose was dissolved in mid-2012 and a new extra-parliamentary “consultation framework” was established in April 2013, Germany has actively supported Chad’s efforts to promote democracy, pluralism and the rule of law.
Since bilateral development cooperation was terminated at the end of 2012, German support has focused on humanitarian and transitional aid (including help for the approximately 320,000 refugees from Darfur in eastern Chad), regional development projects (mainly in the environmental and healthcare sectors) and measures to protect human rights and prevent conflicts.
Germany has been providing significant amounts of humanitarian aid since 2017. In addition, Germany plays a major indirect role in international development cooperation through its financial contributions to development programmes conducted by the EU, the World Bank, the IMF and the African Development Bank. Germany contributes 20 per cent of the substantial aid provided by the EU.
In autumn 2008, the German Government concluded an agreement with the Lake Chad Basin Commission, a multilateral, N’Djamena-based organisation with six member states, on the sustainable use of water resources in the Lake Chad Basin. In April 2013, this project was complemented by a further measure that focuses on climate change and its impact on the Lake Chad Basin.
Public and private radio and TV stations in Chad rebroadcast Deutsche Welle programmes. A small number of Germany-related cultural events are held in Chad.