Relations between Germany and Spain are close and friendly. According to the Federal Statistical Office, 181,645 Spaniards were living in Germany at the end of 2020. The Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) reported that 108,568 German nationals were resident in Spain in early 2021.
The two countries enjoy close political relations. Alongside high‑level visits, senior officials meet regularly for consultations.
In the first six months of 2022, Germany was Spain’s second-largest trading partner after France. Spain is an important business location for German enterprises. In 2020, more than 1500 German businesses were active in the country providing 285,000 jobs while a further half a million jobs in Spain are indirectly connected to these business operations. Germany currently ranks second among suppliers of imports to Spain after China, and is the second-largest destination after France for exports from the country. Worldwide, Spain ranks twelfth among Germany’s trading partners (bilateral trade volume €78 billion). In 2019, before COVID-19 struck, 11.2 million Germans visited the country, making them the second-largest group of tourists. In 2021, Spain welcomed only 5.2 million German tourists due to the pandemic (2020: 2.4 million).
Spain was the Guest of Honour at the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2022. The Goethe-Institut promotes cultural exchange from its offices in Madrid and Barcelona. Spain currently has 24 schools in the Schools: Partners for the Future programme, a worldwide network of schools funded by the Federal Foreign Office, including nine German schools abroad that receive financial support and personnel from Germany. There are also a total of 15 schools with German teaching programmes (FIT schools) and German Language Certificate (DSD) schools. The German Archaeological Institute (DAI) has a Department in Madrid, and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) has maintained an Information Centre in the city since 2011.