Germany and Nigeria: Bilateral relations

24.05.2019 - Article

Political relations

Nigeria promotes stability and democracy in the region and has considerable economic potential. 2011 saw the founding of the German-Nigerian Binational Commission, which is made up of working groups in the fields of business, energy, politics, culture, education and migration. Its goal is to bolster the reform agenda of the Nigerian Government.

In the fight against Boko Haram, the Federal Government is assisting with the training and equipping of the Nigerian security forces. Furthermore, a transnational stabilisation project designed to support Nigeria, the Niger, Chad and Cameroon in the civilian fight against terrorism is in place. In response to the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad region, particularly in north-eastern Nigeria, Germany has pledged 100 million euros in humanitarian assistance and 40 million euros for stabilisation measures up to 2020.


Cooperation between Germany and Nigeria on migration issues has intensified in recent years. Collaboration is taking place on the return of Nigerian migrants, and Germany is also assisting the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) in the areas of biometric data collection and border management.

Economic relations

Nigeria is Germany’s second-largest trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa. One priority of economic relations is cooperation in the energy sector. The focus is on the rehabilitation and further development of energy production in Nigeria – particularly through renewable energy and improved energy efficiency – as well as greater participation of German companies in tapping energy sources in Nigeria.

Development cooperation

Priorities of development cooperation with Nigeria include sustainable business promotion, with a focus on small and medium-sized enterprises, vocational training and the financial sector. The Federal Government is also supporting successful attempts to eradicate polio in northern Nigeria. As no new polio infections have been reported since 2016, Nigeria will be officially polio-free from 2021.

170,000 smallholders are receiving support for the cultivation of rice, maize, manioc and potatoes through the Green Innovation Centres programme. Germany is also making a significant contribution to the establishment of the Nigerian Development Bank with funds from Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW).

Cultural relations

The Goethe-Institut Nigeria has been based in Lagos since 1962. Enthusiasm about learning German is considerable. Many Nigerians are interested in Germany and are eager to study there once they have learned the language.

This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.

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