Politically as well as culturally and economically, the Kingdom of Morocco is an important link between North and South – the country is a central partner of the European Union and Germany in northern Africa. Germany and Morocco have maintained diplomatic relations since 1956.
In the course of the last decade, Morocco has launched comprehensive reforms. The country plays a key role in preserving stability and promoting sustainable development in the region, proven not least by its diplomatic engagement in the Libyan peace process. With its newly appointed Personal Envoy of the UN Secretary-General Staffan de Mistura, the United Nations is endeavouring to find a solution to the Western Sahara issue. The German Government’s stance has remained unaltered for decades. Germany is supporting the Personal Envoy in his efforts to find a just, lasting political solution acceptable to all based on UN Security Council Resolution 2602 (2021). In 2007, Morocco made an important contribution to such a solution by presenting an autonomy plan.
Germany and Morocco enjoy significant economic and trade relations. In 2019, Germany ranked seventh among Morocco’s trading partners, with imports from Morocco amounting to 1.4 billion euro, and exports to Morocco totalling 2.2 billion euro. There are nearly 300 companies with German equity participation operating in Morocco, mainly concentrated in Casablanca and Tangier. Morocco is a popular tourist destination. In 2019, approximately six percent of foreign tourists were from Germany.
Germany is helping Morocco in its modernisation efforts and is one of the country's largest bilateral donors, pledging funds to the tune of almost 1.2 billion euro in total in 2020. German-Moroccan development cooperation focuses on sustainable economic development and jobs, renewable energy and water management. Morocco is one of the countries in the G20 Compact with Africa initiative aiming to improve conditions for private investment. To this end, the two countries launched a German-Moroccan reform partnership in late November 2019. In 2020, Germany supported Morocco with a comprehensive emergency assistance programme to mitigate the COVID-19 crisis.
As well as GIZ and KfW, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom, the Hanns Seidel Foundation and the Heinrich Böll Foundation have their own offices in Morocco. Efforts are also made to promote the German language and scientific and academic cooperation. The Goethe-Institut has offices in Casablanca and Rabat, as well as German Points of Dialogue in Tangier and Oujda. A number of partner schools also exist, as well as more than 20 cooperation projects in the area of higher education. There are German Academic Exchange Service lectors working in Rabat and Meknes. The Federal Foreign Office also funds cultural preservation measures in Morocco.