Germany was one of the first countries to officially recognise and establish diplomatic relations with the Republic of Kosovo after the country declared its independence in 2008. Furthermore, the Government and people of Kosovo have not forgotten that Germany took in hundreds of thousands of refugees from Kosovo before and during the 1998/99 conflict, or that from 1999 onwards it helped with reconstruction efforts, initially through emergency relief measures and shortly afterwards by commencing development cooperation.
Germany is considered one of Kosovo’s closest partners, actively supporting the country in its efforts towards integration into Euro-Atlantic structures. Regular visits by members of the Federal Government and German Bundestag underline the importance that Germany attaches to Kosovo’s development – also as a factor for the stability of the region as a whole.
The German soldiers (KFOR), police officers, judges, public prosecutors and civilian experts (UN-led mission UNMIK and EU rule of law mission EULEX) deployed in the country as part of international missions have, through their professionalism and objectivity, helped to strengthen the good relations between the two countries.
Germany is one of Kosovo’s principal trading partners and also one of the largest bilateral donors in the field of economic cooperation. Since 1999, Germany has provided more than 600 million euros for emergency relief measures, humanitarian assistance and technical and financial cooperation projects. The focus is on public administration and democratisation, energy and sustainable economic development.
There is tremendous interest in learning German, with demand far outstripping the courses on offer. Along with English, German is the most widely spoken foreign language.
There has been a Goethe-Zentrum in Pristina since 2018. In addition, the German Embassy in Pristina handles a substantial portion of the cultural work, including scholarship and further-education programmes, concerts and exhibitions. German culture invariably meets with a warm response in Kosovo, as evidenced by the annual Days of the German Language, for example. A cultural agreement entered into force on 14 June 2013, placing the lively cultural exchange between the two countries on an official footing under international law.