Political and economic relations are friendly but fairly low-key. Cooperation mainly takes place in the form of individual development cooperation and cultural projects and within the United Nations. Dominica’s main exports to Germany are agricultural products. In addition, Dominica receives substantial revenue from Germany in the form of spending by German tourists.
A bilateral investment protection and promotion agreement has been in place since 1986. Other cooperation and trade accords exist within the framework of the agreements between the European Union and the ACP (Africa, Caribbean, Pacific) states as well as between the EU and CARIFORUM (CARICOM member states plus the Dominican Republic). The further development of trade relations with the EU is being followed closely in Dominica and in the entire region against the background of the ongoing negotiations on the EU’s new partnership agreement with the states of Africa, the Pacific and the Caribbean (Post-Cotonou Agreement).
In development cooperation, Dominica has indirect links with Germany through German agreements with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), cooperation focusing on sustainable economic development, the promotion of renewable energy and adaptation to climate change and fishery protection. In addition, Germany provides assistance through micro-projects and sports promotion measures. The international aid organisations active in Dominica in the wake of the flood disaster caused by Tropical Storm Erika in August 2015 included the German Red Cross and German development cooperation (through their involvement in CARICOM projects).
In September 2017, Dominica was devastated by Hurricane Maria with 90% of houses being destroyed or badly damaged. Germany provided immediate humanitarian assistance for those affected. Reconstruction of the island is likely to take years.