Germany established diplomatic relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 and has for many years been funding conflict prevention projects through the Regional Cooperation Council (formerly the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe).
The 2015-2018 reform agenda which Germany helped initiate has played a part in reviving Bosnia and Herzegovina’s economic and social reform process and in moving the country closer to the EU. The Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU entered into force in 2015. On 15 February 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its EU accession application, to which the European Commission responded with an Opinion on 29 May 2019.
After the Dayton Peace Agreement, Germany was at the forefront of moves to invest in manufacturing industries in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Germany has been one of the country’s main economic partners for years. The volume of trade increased to 1.6 billion euros in 2017 (+11% as compared to 2016).
Germany is one of the country’s principal donors in the field of economic cooperation. Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) are promoting sustainable economic development, infrastructure measures, renewable energy and energy efficiency as well as supporting democracy and civil society.
Cultural relations between Germany and Bosnia and Herzegovina are close on account of the two countries’ geographical proximity and multifaceted cooperation. A cultural agreement was signed; it entered into force on 4 January 2006.
The Goethe-Institut is active in Sarajevo with a wide-ranging programme, organising numerous events.
Academic and scientific exchange is also important. There are two German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) lectors in the country.
Seven FIT schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina were selected as Goethe-Institut partner schools under the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH). In addition, in the PASCH network, the Federal Office of Administration - Central Agency for Schools Abroad (ZfA) currently assists 15 schools that offer instruction leading to the German Language Certificate (DSD). German is taught at many of the country’s schools as the second foreign language, after English.