The two countries have a shared interest in stability. Germany is thus engaged in many different ways in Egypt, working to promote trade and business but also human rights and cooperation with civil society. Egypt is a priority country for German development policy and for cultural relations and education policy.
Germany is Egypt’s second-largest trading partner of the EU member states, with trade totalling just under 5 billion euros in 2020. Germans made up the largest group of foreign tourists with 1.8 million visiting the country in 2019.
With a current portfolio of 1.6 billion euros in loans and subsidies, Egypt is one of the largest partner countries of German development cooperation. The following priority areas have been agreed with the Egyptian Government: promoting employment to foster sustainable economic development including promotion of the private sector; the water sector and waste management; and promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency. In addition, Germany provides funding for projects including the construction of primary schools, efforts to improve the status of women and girls, administrative reform and district development.
The seven German Schools in Egypt are attended by some 4000 pupils. The Goethe-Institut branches in Cairo and Alexandria not only offer extensive language and education programmes, but also organise numerous events. Some 19,000 people are either studying German at one of the 36 Egyptian universities offering German or are learning German as a foreign language parallel to their studies. They are assisted by lectors of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). It is estimated that some 400,000 people are learning the language. The German Archaeological Institute is primarily involved in excavations, but also oversaw the restoration of Islamic monuments in Historic Cairo.
In the academic sector, four German universities and research institutes maintain offices in Egypt, while the DAAD also has a branch office in the country. In addition, Germany supports the German University in Cairo and the German International University. The Technische Universität Berlin operates a campus in El Gouna on the Red Sea.