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Germany and Indonesia: Bilateral relations

05.10.2022 - Article

Bilateral relations, which in 2022 see their 70th anniversary, focus on cooperation in international organisations, promoting bilateral economic ties, global issues such as climate change mitigation, sustainable development strategies and Germany’s assistance in reforming the Indonesian vocational training sector. Bilateral cooperation on many overarching issues intensified in 2022 during the parallel German G7 Presidency and Indonesian G20 Presidency.

A strategic dialogue was also launched between the two countries’ Foreign Ministers in 2022.

As the largest members of the European Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) respectively, Germany and Indonesia have numerous common focal points on the regional policy front, too.

As the country with the world’s largest Muslim population, Indonesia is an important partner for Germany in dialogue on religious issues and the prevention of radicalisation.

Following the downturn caused by the pandemic the previous year, bilateral trade recovered slightly in 2021 to around €6.7 billion, of which exports from Germany totalled €2.7 billion (primarily machinery and chemical products). Since 2017, no investment protection agreement has been in place. Indonesia’s role in the field of climate and environment is of global relevance – not only because of its extensive forests and rich biodiversity, but also because it is one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases. Germany is supporting Indonesia particularly in the context of renewable energy promotion, the development of climate-friendly infrastructure, forest conservation and vocational training, with the result that it is now one of Indonesia’s largest bilateral development partners.

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