Germany and Indonesia: Bilateral relations

07.03.2022 - Article

Bilateral relations, which this year see their 70th anniversary, focus on cooperation in international organisations, promoting bilateral economic ties, global issues such as climate change mitigation, issues on the maritime agenda, sustainable development strategies and cooperation in the G20, as well as Germany’s assistance in reforming the Indonesian vocational training sector.

In Jakarta in July 2012, former Federal Chancellor Merkel concluded a wide-ranging basic agreement, the Jakarta Declaration, with then Indonesian President Yudhoyono. This provides the basis for close and multifaceted cooperation between Germany and Indonesia within the framework of a strategic partnership.

As the largest members of the European Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) respectively, Germany and Indonesia connect on numerous points on the regional policy front.

As the country with the world’s largest Muslim population, Indonesia is an important partner for Germany in the dialogue on religious issues and the prevention of radicalisation.

Following the downturn caused by the pandemic the previous year, bilateral trade recovered slightly in 2021, to around 6.6 billion euro (2020: 5.6 billion euro), of which exports from Germany totalled 2.5 billion euro (primarily machinery and chemical products). Since 2017, no investment protection agreement has been in place. Indonesia’s role in climate and environment is of global relevance – not only because of its extensive forests and rich biodiversity, but also because it is one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases. Germany is supporting Indonesia particularly in the context of renewable energy promotion, the development of climate-friendly infrastructure, forest conservation and vocational training, with the result that it is now one of Indonesia’s largest bilateral development partners.

Germany is highly regarded in Indonesia in the field of culture and education. It enjoys an excellent reputation as a place to study and engage in research and has for years been one of the top choices for Indonesian students wanting to study abroad. The German language also remains very popular in Indonesia. There are currently more than 150,000 Indonesians learning German.

Information about German development cooperation with India can be found on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.

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