Global refugee and migration flows have assumed new dimensions in recent years. European solutions are needed for sustainable refugee and migration policy.
There are now more refugees globally than at any time since the end of the Second World War. The refugee and migration situation cannot be resolved by any one country alone. Instead, the international community needs to take a joint approach.
The Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees was adopted in 1951. It had been drawn up amid the aftermath of two devastating world wars. Today, it forms the centrepiece of international refugee protection. It remains highly relevant – because there are now more refugees than ever before.
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi presented the latest figures for displacement and forced migration on 18 June 2021. According to these figures, by the end of 2020, 82.4 million people had been violently displaced – almost 3 million more than in the previous year. A record number.
Worldwide, over 80 million people have been forced from their homes. Most of them are displaced within their own country. The situation is particularly grave in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The EU operation EUNAVFOR MED IRINI has helped to enforce the United Nations arms embargo against Libya since 2020. In addition, the operation is tasked with investigating illegal exports of oil as well as combating human trafficking.