What is the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration?
In adopting the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration in December 2018, the international community reached agreement for the first time on a comprehensive framework for improved international cooperation on cross-border migration.
The GCM contains 23 objectives and numerous possible actions to make migration safer and more orderly. These include mitigating the causes of irregular migration and combating human smuggling and trafficking across borders. This comprehensive approach seeks to facilitate secure, orderly and regular migration while reducing the occurrence and negative impacts of irregular migration.
How does the review process work?
The first review phase of the implementation of the Compact at regional level is taking place in 2020. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) support the European GCM review process, in the course of which the regional dimension of the implementation of the Compact is assessed. After all, a large part of cross‑border migration occurs at regional level.
On 31 October 2020, Germany, together with other UNECE Member States, submitted a national report as part of the European review process. The report addresses a range of different questions. For example, how are efforts to fight human trafficking organised? What paths of legal migration are there? Which return programmes are available?
The national contributions are part of the preparations for the digital regional review conference, which is taking place on 12 and 13 November. The regional UNECE Member States and stakeholders have gathered at this event and, on the basis of their reports, are discussing their experiences, strategies and ways forward to implement the GCM at national level.
In his welcome address, Minister of State Niels Annen underscored the growing importance of international cooperation on migration. The global freeze on mobility caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has directly affected the situation of many migrants, as well as their countries of origin and destination.
Germany will thus continue to support the goals of the GCM. To this end, the German Government will make available an additional 4 million euro for the Migration Multi-Partner Trust Fund.
The national contributions are set to be presented at a virtual conference in November.