What is the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration?
In adopting the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration in December 2018, the international community reached agreement for the first time on a comprehensive framework for improved international cooperation on cross-border migration.
The GCM contains 23 objectives and numerous possible actions to make migration safer and more orderly. These include mitigating the causes of irregular migration and combating human smuggling and trafficking across borders. This comprehensive approach seeks to facilitate secure, orderly and regular migration while reducing the occurrence and negative impacts of irregular migration.
How does the cooperation work?
The first review phase of the implementation of the Compact at regional level took place in 2020. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) support this process.
By 31 October 2020, Germany and other European countries had submitted national reports focusing on the following issues: How are efforts to fight human trafficking organised? What paths of legal migration are there? Which return programmes are available?
The regional review will feed into a global review forum, which will convene every four years from 2022.
Germany will continue to support the goals of the GCM and is making available an additional five million euro for the Migration Multi-Partner Trust to this end in 2021.