Germany and Switzerland enjoy close, wide-ranging and good-neighbourly relations, not least thanks to the shared language, which is spoken in large parts of Switzerland. The two countries pursue similar goals in their social, economic and foreign policy. There are numerous contacts at all levels. All German Federal Presidents have paid visits to Switzerland, the most recent being that by Federal President Steinmeier to Berne and Fribourg on 25/26 April 2018. Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel paid an official visit to Berne on 3 September 2015. Consultations and meetings are held regularly at ministerial and state-secretary level (either bilaterally or as part of meetings between representatives of the German-speaking countries). The most recent bilateral meeting between Switzerland’s Foreign Affairs Minister Ignazio Cassis (in office since 1 November 2017) and Germany’s Foreign Minister Heiko Maas took place in Geneva on 28 November 2018.
The large number of German and other European nationals living in Switzerland (approximately 315,000 German nationals, or around 450,000 including those with dual nationality) – a result of the country’s continuing high demand for skilled workers – has repeatedly been discussed as part of the domestic political debate about the free movement of persons on which Switzerland has an agreement with the European Union.
Germany is Switzerland’s most important trading partner by far. In 2017, bilateral trade was worth nearly 93 billion Swiss francs, representing around 23 percent of Switzerland’s total foreign trade of approximately 405 billion Swiss francs. Compared to 2016, Swiss exports to Germany were up 4 percent to just under 41 billion Swiss francs and Swiss imports from Germany were up 7.7 percent to around 52 billion Swiss francs. Switzerland remains one of Germany’s top ten trading partners, ranking ninth in 2017. Only the United States and China are more important than Switzerland in Germany’s foreign trade outside the European Union’s single market.
Germany and Switzerland are closely interconnected in terms of direct investment. In 2016, Swiss companies invested some 40 billion Swiss francs in Germany, mainly in the south of the country. During the same period, German investment in Switzerland totalled around 25 billion Swiss francs. In Switzerland there are approximately 120,000 people employed by companies that are ultimately controlled by German firms. Swiss companies operating in Germany employ even more people, approximately 235,000 (2014).
Cultural ties are very close and wide-ranging because the German language and German culture pervade large parts of Switzerland. They are based on a centuries-old tradition of interpersonal contacts and exchange. Every year, Germans take part in a host of events in all areas of culture: literature, film, theatre, art and music. Conversely, Switzerland makes wide-ranging contributions to Germany’s cultural sector. A number of well-known museums, orchestras and theatres in Switzerland have German directors. The trilateral film agreement between Germany, Austria and Switzerland, which was signed in Berlin on 11 February 2011, forms an important foundation for a further intensification of cultural exchange between the three countries.
In 2016, there were 1120 German professors and 1685 German lecturers working at Swiss universities and universities of applied sciences. In the 2016-2017 academic year, there were 11,092 Germans studying at Swiss universities and 3517 Germans studying at Swiss universities of applied sciences. Conversely, in 2016, there were some 300 Swiss professors working at German universities and around 3463 Swiss nationals studying in Germany. In addition, there are many Swiss artists, scientists and academics working and teaching in Germany. The German media have a large audience in Switzerland, particularly the public and private television stations, which attain relatively high viewing figures. German print media are available throughout the country. In the Swiss media, there is steady, detailed and wide-ranging coverage of developments in German politics, society and culture.
This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.