Germany and Sudan: Bilateral relations

12.09.2023 - Article

The German Embassy in Khartoum was shut down on 15 April 2023 and will remain closed until further notice. The German Embassy in Cairo is now responsible for processing visa applications that would have been submitted there.

In the Sudan, considerable trust is vested in Germany, which was the first country to recognise the Sudan when it gained independence in 1956. After the ousting of the long-standing ruler Bashir in April 2019, Germany was engaged at an early stage to support the process of democratic change in the Sudan, with former Foreign Minister Maas and Federal President Steinmeier travelling to the Sudan after the civilian interim government was established in September 2019. The Sudan Partnership Conference, which was co-hosted by Germany in June 2020 to provide political and financial support for the transition, mobilised funding to the tune of 1.8 billion US dollars. Germany was a part of the debt relief effort through the Paris Club and also relaunched bilateral development cooperation with the Sudan.

In reaction to the military coup of 25 October 2021, the Federal Government suspended its support for the acting Sudanese Government that has been in place since that time. This includes suspending cooperation at the bilateral and multilateral level. Yet Germany does continue to provide assistance to the Sudanese population. In 2022, in addition to its direct contributions to the United Nations and the European Union, Germany granted humanitarian assistance to the tune of 61.3 million euro for the Sudan. Despite the armed conflict, which has been fought since April 2023, development cooperation projects that are designed to benefit the local population are being continued, as long as the security situation permits.

During its membership of the UN Security Council in 2019/2020, Germany was involved in setting up the UNITAMS political mission (United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan), which has been following and supporting the peace process and democratic change in the Sudan since January 2021. The most recent extension of its mandate was until December of 2023. Germany supports UNITAMS with both financial and human resources.

Cultural relations have been on hold since fighting broke out in April 2023, and the Goethe-Institut is closed.


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