Bilateral relations between Germany and Somalia have picked up considerably since 2012, as the political situation has slowly improved in the country. Germany is considered a reliable partner – one that is keen to promote a stable, secure and democratic Somalia.
Large parts of the population are affected by food insecurity and dependent on emergency relief measures on a long-term basis. Droughts and floods, armed conflict and poverty threaten the livelihoods of many Somalis and have resulted in at least 2.6 million internally displaced persons. The COVID‑19 pandemic is further exacerbating the situation. As the second-largest donor of humanitarian assistance for Somalia, Germany earmarked more than 78 million euro in 2020, of which some 14 million euro were to curb the COVID‑19 pandemic. Moreover, the German Government contributes to the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and provides assistance to Somali refugees in neighbouring countries. A further 20 million euro has been made available to combat the locust infestation in the Horn of Africa region.
Development policy cooperation which was relaunched on 2014 currently totals some 360 million euro. The priorities are sustainable economic development (vocational training, urban infrastructure, promoting the private sector), agriculture / water management and strengthening resilience.
In addition, the German Government is supporting democratisation in Somalia and the establishment of federal state structures. This is being done within a multi-dimensional crisis prevention, stabilisation and post-conflict peacebuilding strategy. Furthermore, the Federal Government is involved in setting up a federal police force, as well as in demobilising and reintegrating former al‑Shabaab fighters. It also supports local mediation and reconciliation processes, as well as efforts to control small arms.
Germany also participates in civilian and military EU and UN missions and operations. In addition to seconding police officers to the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), Germany participates in the European Union’s counter-piracy Operation Atalanta and contributes to the European Union Capacity Building Mission in Somalia (EUCAP Somalia), which is intended to enhance Somali capabilities in the field of maritime security. The EU also has a military training mission in Somalia (EUTM SOM).