German-Polish relations are of great importance for both sides. Since 1989, these relations have developed a dynamism unparalleled in recent history. Shared interests in many areas and the two countries’ close partnership in the European Union and NATO provide a sound basis for the future.
The political contacts between Germany and Poland are exceptionally diverse. In addition to numerous bilateral contacts, there are regular German-Polish intergovernmental consultations and annual meetings of the German-Polish Intergovernmental Commission for Regional and Cross-Border Cooperation. In 2019, the Federal President, the Federal Chancellor and the Foreign Minister visited Poland several times for political talks and Second World War memorial events.
Poland has been working closely with Germany and France since 1991 as part of the Weimar Triangle. Regional and cross‑border cooperation, hundreds of town‑twinning arrangements, and the partnerships between German Länder and Polish voivodeships also testify to the breadth and closeness of relations between the two countries.
The two countries’ economies are closely interlinked. For more than two decades, Germany has been Poland’s most important trading partner by far.
Poland is among the countries with the largest number of people learning German. Around 1.9 million pupils take German classes at school. Measures to support the learning of German are a priority area of German cultural relations policy in Poland.
According to its own estimates, the German minority in Poland numbers between 300,000 and 350,000 people. The census of 2011 calculated a figure of 148,000 people. Many members of the minority have both German and Polish citizenship. The German minority is the largest of the country’s 13 recognised national or ethnic minorities. The group is currently represented by a deputy in the Polish parliament.