Relations between Venezuela and Germany have a long tradition dating back to the meeting between the two iconic figures Simón Bolívar and Alexander von Humboldt in the early 19th century. Germany has had an embassy in Venezuela since 1871.
German imports from and exports to Venezuela are very modest.
An investment promotion agreement and a double taxation agreement are in place between the two countries. The German-Venezuelan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CAVENAL) has its headquarters in Caracas. The number of German businesses operating in Venezuela is falling continuously as a result of the economic crisis, high crime levels and a lack of legal certainty. In May 2016, Lufthansa suspended direct flights from Frankfurt to Caracas.
Bilateral technical cooperation with Venezuela was terminated in 2004. Non‑governmental development cooperation via German NGOs and their Venezuelan partners continues, however. Of Germany’s political foundations, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V. both have a permanent presence in the country. The Hanns Seidel Foundation serves Venezuela from Bogotá and the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung from Quito.
There is limited cooperation on climate and environmental policy between the Caracas-based regional development bank Corporación Andino de Fomento (CAF) and Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW).
Both countries have enjoyed an intensive cultural exchange for many years. Besides the German Embassy, the following institutions are active in the cultural sector there: the Goethe-Institut, the tradition-steeped Asociación Cultural Humboldt, the Evangelical Church and the German-speaking Catholic Church. Other institutions include a German School Abroad (Colegio Humboldt) in Caracas and a PASCH school in Valencia (Colegio La Esperanza). Despite the COVID‑19 crisis, the Goethe-Institut is still seeing a consistently high demand for German courses. The German-Venezuelan Support Association (AVAS) supports members of the German-Venezuelan community who are in need.
The ethnic German inhabitants of Colonia Tovar in Aragua State maintain close ties with Germany, particularly with places in the Kaiserstuhl area, which was where the original immigrants came from in the first half of the 19th century.