Germany and Venezuela: Bilateral relations Venezuela

05.03.2021 - Article

Relations between Venezuela and Germany have a long tradition dating back to the meeting between the two iconic figures Simón Bolívar and Alexander von Humboldt in the early 19th century. Germany has had an embassy in Venezuela since 1871.

German imports from and exports to Venezuela are very modest.

An investment promotion agreement and a double taxation agreement are in place between the two countries. The German-Venezuelan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CAVENAL) has its headquarters in Caracas. The number of German businesses with branches or production facilities in Venezuela is falling continuously as a result of the economic crisis, high crime levels and the lack of legal certainty. In May 2016 Lufthansa suspended direct flights from Frankfurt to Caracas.

Since the second half of 2019 there has been increasing dollarisation of the Venezuelan economy, but with no legal basis.

Bilateral technical cooperation with Venezuela was terminated at the end of 2004. Non‑governmental development cooperation continues, however. Of Germany’s political foundations, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V. both have a permanent presence there. The Hanns Seidel Foundation serves Venezuela from its Bogotá office and the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung from its office in Quito.

There is limited cooperation on climate and environmental policy between the Caracas-based regional development bank Corporación Andino de Fomento (CAF) and Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW).

There has long been intensive cultural exchange between Germany and Venezuela, including in music and music education. Besides the German Embassy, the following institutions are active in the cultural sector there: the Goethe-Institut, the tradition-steeped Asociación Cultural Humboldt, the Evangelical Lutheran Church and the German-speaking Catholic Church. Other institutions include a German School Abroad (Colegio Humboldt) in Caracas and a PASCH school in Valencia (Colegio La Esperanza). Despite the COVID‑19 crisis, the Goethe-Institut is still seeing a consistently high demand for German courses. The German-Venezuelan Support Association (AVAS) supports members of the German-Venezuelan community who are in need.

The ethnic German inhabitants of Colonia Tovar in Aragua State maintain close ties with Germany, particularly with places in the Kaiserstuhl area, which was where the original immigrants came from in the first half of the 19th century.

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