Diplomatic relations were established on 9 October 1962 immediately after Uganda had become an independent state.
Germany enjoys a very positive image in Uganda, particularly thanks to state and private development cooperation, which has been in place since 1964. This focuses on renewable energies and energy efficiency, promotion of civil society, and agriculture and rural development. Another priority is Germany’s engagement for the protection of Lake Victoria and other water resources.
Uganda harbours more than 1.4 million refugees, making it currently the biggest host country in Africa. According to the United Nations, around 4 million people in Uganda require humanitarian aid. The German Government is providing political, financial and personnel support in this situation. The priority is to meet the needs of refugees by providing emergency shelters, clean water and food. Other regional humanitarian funds are being used to support measures to cope with the COVID‑19 pandemic and the ongoing locust plague.
The Federal Government supports the work of political foundations (the Friedrich‑Ebert‑Stiftung and Konrad‑Adenauer‑Stiftung have offices in Kampala), churches and non‑governmental organisations. In addition, around 100 associations and initiatives in Germany support projects in Uganda.
Overall, Uganda has a good balance of trade with Germany. Uganda’s main exports to Germany are coffee, gold, tea and fish. Its main imports from Germany are machinery and chemical products. Uganda is open to direct foreign investment. Several German enterprises operate successfully in the country.
Demand for German tuition in Uganda is growing. The Ugandan‑German Cultural Society, which was founded in 1989, has been accredited as a Goethe‑Zentrum since 2008, offering German courses and language examinations. The Goethe‑Zentrum also organises exhibitions and other events and artist exchanges. The German Academic Exchange Service awards annual scholarships, promotes university cooperation and seconds a lector to Makerere University. German is on the curricula of fourteen schools in Uganda, including one PASCH School.