Germany and Turkmenistan: Bilateral Relations Turkmenistan

12.03.2019 - Article


Turkmenistan regards Germany as a preferred partner in the realm of foreign policy, along with the Russian Federation, China, Turkey and the United States. Political relations between the two countries are growing steadily.

Annual political consultations between Germany and Turkmenistan have taken place since 2011. In August 2016, Turkmen President Kurbanguly Berdymukhamedov visited Berlin, and the Foreign Ministers met in November 2018.


Economic relations between the two countries are good but there is still room for improvement. Germany is Turkmenistan’s largest trading partner in the European Union. German products are in high demand, especially in the technology and healthcare sectors.

Turkmenistan ranked third among Germany’s Central Asian trading partners in 2018, behind Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. However, bilateral trade has recently diminished significantly and in the period from January to November 2018 totalled 137.4 million euros, compared with 348 million euros in 2017. Here are the individual figures:

  • German imports from Turkmenistan were worth 2.4 million euros in the period from January to November 2018, compared with 5.6 million euros in the same period in 2017.
  • German exports from Turkmenistan amounted to 135 million euros in the period from January to November 2018, compared with 342.6 million euros in the same period in 2017.

Some 50 German companies are operating in the country, including 12 with registered offices or German representatives.

The following bilateral agreements are in place:

  • the air transport agreement of 19 February 2001
  • the investment protection and promotion agreement of 28 August 1997, which has been in force since 19 February 2001
  • the double taxation agreement of 29 August 2016. 

The Delegate of German Industry and Commerce for Central Asia, based in Almaty, Kazakhstan, is also responsible for Turkmenistan.
Germany and Turkmenistan run a bilateral further training programme for managers. Some 200 Turkmen businesspeople have taken part so far.


Cultural relations between Germany and Turkmenistan are based on the cultural agreement that came into force in 2002. Education is the central element. Under the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH), the Federal Foreign Office supports two schools in Turkmenistan’s national education system. The Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) has two lectors and a language assistant in the country. The Central Agency for Schools Abroad (ZfA) has had a seconded professional adviser in Turkmenistan since 2015.

There is keen interest in the scholarships offered by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), and every year a number of young Turkmens can take advantage of these. In addition, several Turkmen teachers of German travel to Germany every year to participate in the further education programme of the Educational Exchange Service (PAD), which also enables them to sit in on classes while in the country. Under the PAD’s awards programme, two Turkmen pupils visit Germany each year.


This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its Contents.


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