Last updated in Oktober 2017
Turkmenistan sees Germany as a preferred partner in the realm of foreign policy, along with the Russian Federation, China, Turkey and the United States. Political relations between the two countries are steadily growing in intensity.
Germany and Turkmenistan have held annual political consultations since 2011. In August 2016, Turkmen President Kurbanguly Berdymukhamedov visited Berlin.
Economic relations between the two countries are good but there is still room for improvement. Germany is Turkmenistan’s largest trading partner in the European Union. German products are held in high regard, especially in the technology and healthcare sectors.
In 2016, bilateral trade with Turkmenistan was worth 406.6 million euros. Here are the individual figures:
• German imports from Turkmenistan were worth 51.2 million euros in 2016, compared with 9.5 million euros in 2015.
• German exports to Turkmenistan amounted to 355.4 million euros in 2016, compared with 305.7 million euros in 2015.
• Turkmenistan ranked third among Germany’s Central Asian trading partners in 2016, behind Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
There are approximately 100 registered projects involving German investments or partners in Turkmenistan.
More than 50 German companies are operating in the country, including 19 with registered offices or German representatives.
The following bilateral agreements are in place:
• the air transport agreement of 19 February 2001
• the investment protection and promotion agreement of 28 August 1997, which has been in force since 19 February 2001
• the revised double taxation agreement, signed on 29 August 2016
There is a Delegation of German Economy for Central Asia based in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Germany and Turkmenistan run a bilateral further training programme for managers, under which some 25 participants are invited to Germany every year.
Culture and education
Cultural relations between the two countries are based on the cultural agreement that came into force in 2002. Since President Berdymukhamedov took office, there has been a gradual opening in Turkmenistan in terms of cultural exchange.
There is keen interest in the scholarships offered by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), and every year young Turkmens are able to take advantage of these. There are three DAAD-seconded lectors working in Turkmenistan.
Every year, a number of Turkmen teachers of German travel to Germany to participate in the further education programme of the Educational Exchange Service (PAD), which also enables them to sit in on classes while in the country. Under the PAD’s awards programme, every year two Turkmen pupils make a trip to Germany.
In 2009, the first Turkmen partner school was recruited to the worldwide Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH) and a second partner school joined the initiative in 2013. A professional advisor seconded by the Central Agency for Schools Abroad (ZfA) has been working in Ashgabat since 2015.
This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.