Last updated in October 2018


Turkmenistan regards Germany as a preferred partner in the realm of foreign policy, along with the Russian Federation, China, Turkey and the United States. Political relations between the two countries are steadily growing.

Annual political consultations between Germany and Turkmenistan have taken place since 2011. In August 2016, Turkmen President Kurbanguly Berdymukhamedov visited Berlin.


Economic relations between the two countries are good but there is still room for improvement. Germany is Turkmenistan’s largest trading partner in the European Union and German products are in high demand, especially in the technology and healthcare sectors.

In 2017, bilateral trade with Turkmenistan was worth 371.2 million euros (2016: 406.6 million euros). Here are the individual figures:

  • German imports from Turkmenistan were worth 5.8  million euros in 2017, compared with 51.2 million euros in 2016.
  • German exports to Turkmenistan amounted to 365.2 million euros in 2017, compared with 355.4 million euros in 2016.

Turkmenistan ranked third among Germany’s Central Asian trading partners in 2017, behind Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

Some 50 German companies are operating in the country, including 12 with registered offices or German representatives.

The following bilateral agreements are in place:

  • the air transport agreement of 19 February 2001
  • the investment protection and promotion agreement of 28 August 1997, which has been in force since 19 February 2001
  • the double taxation agreement of 29 August 2016

The Delegation of German Economy for Central Asia, based in Almaty, Kazakhstan, is also responsible for Turkmenistan.

Germany and Turkmenistan run a bilateral further training programme for managers, under which some 25 participants are invited to Germany every year.


Cultural relations between Germany and Turkmenistan are based on the cultural agreement that came into force in 2002. Education is the central element. Under the PASCH initiative, the Federal Foreign Office supports two schools within Turkmenistan’s national education system. The Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) has two lectors and a language assistant in the country. The German-language school in Ashgabat (School No. 29), a project initiated by the Turkmen Government, where German lessons are to be expanded from first grade onwards, has been receiving support since 2015, with a professional adviser being seconded by the Central Agency for Schools Abroad (ZfA).

There is keen interest in the scholarships offered by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), and every year a number of young Turkmens can take advantage of these.

In addition, several Turkmen teachers of German travel to Germany every year to participate in the further education programme of the Educational Exchange Service (PAD), which also enables them to sit in on classes while in the country. Under the PAD’s awards programme, every year two Turkmen pupils make a trip to Germany.


This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its Contents.

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