Relations between Germany and the Kingdom of Tonga have traditionally been friendly. As early as 1 November 1876, the German Empire signed a friendship treaty with Tonga. Diplomatic relations with the Federal Republic of Germany have been in place since 1976; the Treaty on Friendly Relations and Cooperation between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Kingdom of Tonga entered into force on 2 January 1978. Germany does not maintain an embassy in Tonga. The German Embassy in Wellington, New Zealand, is responsible for Tonga while the Kingdom of Tonga’s mission in London is responsible for Germany.
Bilateral economic relations with Tonga are limited. According to Federal Statistical Office figures, Germany exported goods worth 226,000 euro to Tonga in 2020, while imports from the country were non-existent.
Tonga benefits from Germany’s development cooperation engagement in the region. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), in cooperation with regional and local partners, is implementing a regional programme focused on adapting to climate change, a regional project aimed at protecting the biodiversity of the oceans and coastal areas, as well as other projects.
The then President of the German Bundestag, Norbert Lammert, visited Tonga in September 2016 on the 140th anniversary of the friendship between Tonga and Germany.
Furthermore, Germany supports the development of the Pacific island nation through its contributions to the European Development Fund (EDF), from 2021 Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI). In the past, it has also implemented additional microprojects in the spheres of infrastructure, education and vocational training, as well as health, the advancement of women and combatting domestic violence.
Tonga is a member of our Group of Friends on Climate and Security in the United Nations.