Germany enjoys good relations with Tanzania which have developed over many years. The country has long been one of Germany’s most important partners for development cooperation projects in sub-Saharan Africa. Priorities of Tanzanian-German cooperation are healthcare, water supply and sanitation as well as biodiversity. Germany is, alongside the United States, one of the largest donors in the area of nature and environmental protection in Tanzania. The Federal Government is also supporting programmes to strengthen good governance and a project in the area of energy supply.
Tanzania is one of the most dynamic growth markets in the region. For around ten years, the country has achieved consistently high economic growth, which has now, however, slowed down significantly due to the worsening of the business and investment climate. Trade between Germany and Tanzania has grown considerably in the past but, with a volume of 300 million US dollars, it is nonetheless low. The German Chamber of Commerce Abroad opened an office in Dar es Salaam in 2018 to support trade relations.
Despite its economic growth, Tanzania remains one of the poorest countries in the world. The proportion of people living below the poverty line is around 27 percent (2016). Only around 30 percent of the population have electricity. Construction of a major hydroelectric power plant is designed to improve this situation for the Tanzanian people. However, the project is being criticised for the effect it is likely to have on the national park in which the power plant is to be built and because no feasibility studies and environmental impact assessments have been conducted in line with international standards.
Germany’s work in the area of culture is highly respected. A cultural agreement has been in force since 1992. Cultural relations focus on academic exchange and promoting German as a foreign language. In addition to university cooperation schemes, a number of town twinning initiatives are in place. The Goethe-Institut in Dar es Salaam offers language courses and a cultural programme. Other cultural priorities arising from our common history include cultural preservation and cooperation in the museum sector.