Last updated in March 2018
In February 2017, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Tajikistan exchanged congratulations on the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations. Germany opened an embassy in Dushanbe in 1993 during the Tajik civil war, thus making it the first EU member state with an embassy in the country.
Germany has supported the inner-Tajik peace and democratisation process from the start and remains actively committed to mediating between the various groupings in the country and promoting both the rule of law and respect for human rights.
Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel received Tajikistan’s President Emomali Rahmon during his visit to Germany in December 2011. On 1 April 2016, Germany’s then Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier visited Dushanbe, also in his capacity as OSCE Chairperson-in-Office.
Trade between the two countries is modest. In 2016, German exports to Tajikistan were worth only 39.1 million euros, with electrical and mechanical engineering as well as the car manufacturing sector accounting for a large portion of the total. During the same period, Tajik exports to Germany amounted to 1.3 million euros and comprised mainly agricultural products such as raw cotton and foodstuffs. These developments in 2016 should be seen in the context of an overall decline in Tajikistan’s imports and exports compared with the previous year. As part of bilateral development cooperation, Germany is helping to build up sustainable economic structures in Tajikistan.
Tajikistan has been a partner country for German development cooperation since 2003. The German Government is currently supporting projects in the following sectors: sustainable economic development, health, renewable energies, basic education, the environment, legal reform and disaster risk reduction.
As part of technical cooperation, around 40 German experts seconded by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM) are currently working in Tajikistan. Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), Welthungerhilfe (formerly German Agro Action) and Caritas Internationalis also have offices in the country.
At the intergovernmental negotiations in Berlin in December 2016, Germany pledged Tajikistan around 33.5 million euros for the period 2016-2017. In addition, the German Government has pledged up to 10.8 million euros from the special Energy and Climate Fund (ECF) as part of a special initiative implementing additional measures on climate change adaptation and forest and biodiversity conservation.
There is particular appreciation for the KfW project to rehabilitate the hydroelectric power plant in Murgab, a town in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan, as well as for the activities of Welthungerhilfe, which was already engaged in humanitarian relief projects in the country during the civil war. Welthungerhilfe is still conducting food security, rural development and disaster risk reduction projects in rural areas.
Culture and education
German cultural activities in Tajikistan focus on promoting the German language and on cooperation in the area of schools and higher education. A language learning centre supported by the Goethe-Institut has been operating in Dushanbe since February 2010. A seconded specialist advises selected schools which offer more intensive German lessons. Two teachers seconded from Germany work at grammar schools in Dushanbe and Khujand, and there is a German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) lector working at Tajik State Pedagogical University in Dushanbe. Every year, some 60 to 70 scholarships are awarded by the DAAD, the Goethe-Institut and the Educational Exchange Service (PAD).
Most of the original population of around 39,000 ethnic Germans in Tajikistan have emigrated. The number of those currently living in the country is estimated at less than 500.
For many years now, the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) has been engaged in excavation work in Tajikistan in cooperation with the Archaeological Museum in Dushanbe.
The cities of Dushanbe and Reutlingen set up a town twinning arrangement in 1990. In the past, the city of Reutlingen has donated medicines and vaccines to help fight epidemics and supported hospitals and a school in Dushanbe.
This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.