Germany and Tajikistan: Bilateral Relations Tajikistan

28.02.2019 - Article


Germany opened an embassy in Dushanbe in 1993 during the Tajik civil war, making it the first EU member state with an embassy in the country.

Germany has supported the inner-Tajik peace and democratisation process from the start and remains actively committed to promoting the rule of law and respect for human rights.

Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel received Tajikistan’s President Emomali Rahmon during his visit to Germany in December 2011. On 1 April 2016, Germany’s then Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier visited Dushanbe, also in his capacity as OSCE Chairperson-in-Office.


There is little trade between the two countries. In 2017, German exports to Tajikistan were worth only 54.7 million euros, with electrical and mechanical engineering as well as the car manufacturing sector accounting for a large portion of the total. In the same period, Tajik exports to Germany amounted to 1.7 million euros and comprised mainly agricultural products like raw cotton and foodstuffs. These developments should be seen in the context of an overall decline in Tajikistan’s imports and exports compared with the previous year. As part of bilateral development cooperation, Germany is helping to build up sustainable economic structures in Tajikistan.

Development cooperation

Tajikistan has been a partner country for German development cooperation since 2003. The Federal Government is currently supporting projects in the following sectors: sustainable economic development, health, renewable energy, basic education, the environment, legal reform and disaster risk reduction.

As part of technical cooperation, around 40 German experts seconded by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the International Centre for Migration and Development (CIM) are currently working in Tajikistan. Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), Welthungerhilfe (formerly German Agro Action) and Caritas also have offices there.

The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany has committed to making available to the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan a total of 26.5 million euros in bilateral technical and financial cooperation in the period 2019-20.

There is particular appreciation for the KfW project to rehabilitate the hydroelectric power plant in Murgab, a town in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan, as well as for the activities of Welthungerhilfe, which was already engaged in humanitarian relief projects in the country during the civil war. The organisation is still conducting food security, rural development and disaster risk reduction projects in rural areas.

Culture and education

German cultural activities in Tajikistan focus on promoting the German language and on cooperation in the area of schools and higher education. A language learning centre supported by the Goethe-Institut has been operating in Dushanbe since February 2010. A seconded specialist advises selected schools which offer more intensive German lessons and teaches at a school in Dushanbe. Another teacher seconded from Germany teaches in Khujand. Since the summer of 2018, the German Academic Exchange Service office has been staffed by only one local employee. The IC in Dushanbe is to close on 30 June 2019.

Every year, some 60 to 70 scholarships are awarded by the DAAD, the Goethe-Institut and the Educational Exchange Service (PAD). There are five PASCH schools in Tajikistan (three supported by the Federal Office of Administration - Central Agency for Schools Abroad and two by the Goethe-Institut), three of them German Language Certificate (DSD) schools. In addition, German is taught as an ordinary subject at numerous schools.

Most of the original population of around 39,000 ethnic Germans in Tajikistan have emigrated. The number of those currently living in the country is estimated at less than 500.

For many years now, the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) has been engaged in excavation work in Tajikistan in cooperation with the Archaeological Museum in Dushanbe.

The cities of Dushanbe and Reutlingen have been twinned since 1990. The city of Reutlingen has in the past donated medicines and vaccines to help fight epidemics and also supported hospitals and a school in Dushanbe.


This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.

Additional content

Tajikistan is a partner country of German development cooperation. For more information please visit the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development


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