With the election of President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud on 15 May 2022, Somalia was able to bring the election process to a successful conclusion. Given various pressing challenges such as the historic drought in the Horn of Africa region and the ongoing volatile security situation, this was an important step.
Large parts of the population are affected by food insecurity and dependent on emergency relief measures on a long-term basis. Droughts and floods paired with armed conflict threaten the livelihoods of many Somalis and have resulted in at least 2.9 million internally displaced persons according to UN estimates. The current historic drought caused by four rainy seasons in a row with below average precipitation is further exacerbating the precarious situation with over a million more people recently fleeing their homes and the threat of famine looming large. As Somalia’s second-largest humanitarian donor, Germany made almost 50 million euro available in 2021. To date in 2022, Germany have provided Somalis with 51.3 million euro of support. The Federal Government contributes inter alia to the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and provides assistance to Somali refugees in neighbouring countries.
Development cooperation is currently to the tune of 450 million euro used for technical and financial cooperation projects and for NGO projects. This cooperation focuses on peace and social cohesion, life without hunger, transforming the food system, as well as on sustainable economic development, training and employment. The Federal Government is one of the largest contributors of development cooperation with Somalia.
It is also offering Somalia assistance as it sets up police forces and demobilises and reintegrates former al-Shabaab fighters. Furthermore, it finances local mediation and reconciliation processes, as well as efforts to control small arms.
Germany participates in civilian and military EU and UN missions. As well as seconding police officers to the United Nations UNSOM mission, Germany is also involved in the EU missions EUCAP Somalia and EUTM Somalia.