Bilateral relations between Germany and Somalia have picked up considerably since 2012, as the political situation has slowly improved in the country. Germany is considered a welcome partner – one that is also interested in promoting a stable, secure and democratic Somalia. Germany’s bilateral and multilateral engagement in the country rests on a comprehensive approach.
Somalia is categorised as a country in which parts of the population are permanently reliant on emergency aid for survival. Regular severe droughts threaten the livelihoods of many Somalis. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs estimates that some 6.3 million Somalis currently live in food insecurity, which corresponds to roughly 50% of the population. Droughts, armed conflict and poverty have led to the internal displacement of 2.6 million people. As one of Somalia’s biggest humanitarian donors, Germany made available more than 75 million euros in 2019, thereby maintaining its 2018 level of aid. Moreover, the German Government contributes to the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and provides assistance to Somali refugees in neighbouring countries.
Development cooperation, which had been suspended during the civil war, was resumed in 2014. The current development cooperation portfolio amounts to approximately 335 million euros and is spent on reconstruction, employment promotion and strengthening resilience.
Furthermore, in the context of a strategy for multi‑dimensional crisis prevention, stabilisation and post‑conflict peacebuilding, the German Government is funding programmes to build a federal state structure and a federal police force, as well as to demobilise and reintegrate former al‑Shabaab fighters. It also supports local mediation and reconciliation processes, as well as efforts to control small arms.
Finally, Germany participates in civilian and military EU and UN missions and operations. In addition to seconding police officers to the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), Germany participates in the European Union’s counter‑piracy Operation Atalanta and contributes to the European Union Capacity Building Mission in Somalia (EUCAP Somalia), which is intended to enhance Somali capabilities in the field of maritime security. The EU also has a military training mission in Somalia (EUTM SOM).
Economic relations are practically non‑existent due to the absence of the necessary structures.