The German‑Romanian Treaty on Friendly Cooperation of 1992 forms the basis for the good and close bilateral relations between Germany and Romania. Germany is regarded as Romania’s most important foreign policy partner, together with the United States.
The German minority, which is held in high regard in the country, plays an important bridge‑building role; it is the fourth‑largest ethnic minority in Romania (approximately 35,000 people) and is represented by the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania. There is increasing demand for German language teaching in Romania today also from parents without a German‑speaking background. German language lessons are supported by the Federal Office of Administration - Central Agency for Schools Abroad and the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH) network, which comprises 53 partner schools. The German School in Bucharest was awarded the “Excellent German School Abroad” seal of quality in October 2021. German‑language study programmes at Romanian universities are popular. More than 80 such courses are available.
Bilateral economic relations have developed very positively since Romania joined the EU. Germany is Romania’s most important trading partner and largest foreign direct investor (focus on the automotive supply industry and retail sector). Many sectors, however, are suffering from personnel shortages and the brain drain to other EU countries offering better pay and conditions. The German business community is represented by the German‑Romanian Chamber of Industry and Commerce, a Germany Trade and Invest (GTAI) correspondent’s office and regional German business associations.
Romania has a particularly vibrant cultural scene and has a close affinity with German culture. Thanks to the German minority living there, there is a vibrant tradition promoting interest in the German language and culture. German intermediary organisations, including the Goethe‑Institut, the ifa (Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen), the German Academic Exchange Service and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, run various programmes and play an active role in the country.