Political relations between Germany and Portugal are in a spirit of trust and characterised by numerous mutual visits and broad agreement on issues relating to European and foreign and security policy. Germany was instrumental in helping to build democratic structures in Portugal after the 1974 Carnation Revolution (overthrow of the Salazar/Caetano regime) and supported Portugal’s accession to the European Community, now the EU, in 1986.
The Treaty of Lisbon Amending the Treaty on EU and the Treaty Establishing the European Community was signed in Lisbon in 2007 under the Portuguese Council Presidency, after being prepared under Germany’s Council Presidency among others. On 22 May 2019, Foreign Minister Maas and Foreign Minister Santos Silva signed the German-Portuguese Action Plan with a view to developing common positions and tangible joint projects both bilaterally and at EU level. A German-Portuguese Forum, which has met annually since 2013 alternately in Berlin and Lisbon, brings together high-level representatives of the two countries’ political sectors, business and scientific communities and civil society and makes a valuable contribution to mutual understanding. Germany, Portugal and Slovenia are liaising closely with one another with a view to their successive presidencies of the Council of the EU in 2020 and 2021.
Germany is one of Portugal’s most important trading partners alongside Spain, France and the UK. German companies have had their own production facilities in Portugal for over a century. In the industrial sector, they have created a particularly high number of highly skilled jobs and are among the largest private investors in the country. German companies are the second-largest employer in Portugal after the Portuguese state. Foreign Minister Maas paid his first official visit to Lisbon in December 2018.