Last updated in October 2018
Bilateral political relations between Germany and Peru are marked by friendship and mutual trust. Germany is supporting Peru’s state modernisation efforts, for example as regards strengthening institutions and the civil service at various government levels and promoting civil society participation.
The exchange of high level visits has markedly increased over the past few years and was particularly intensive in 2015 when Germany’s then Foreign Minister Frank Walter Steinmeier and then Federal President Joachim Gauck visited Peru in February and March respectively. In September 2016, Minister-President Volker Bouffier of Hesse travelled to Peru. There have also been numerous visits by other government ministers, state secretaries and Members of the German Bundestag, most recently a delegation from the Committee on Economic Cooperation in late May 2018.
Germany is a major trading partner of Peru, supplying high-quality capital goods to the country and importing its metallic raw materials and agricultural products.
In 2017, Peru imported goods worth 0.985 billion US dollars from Germany, a small increase of 1.03 percent over the previous year. Peru’s exports to Germany also increased slightly, to 1.365 billion US dollars (up 1.16 percent).
Peruvian exports to Germany continue to come predominantly from the mining sector (mostly copper, silver, zinc and tin), followed by agricultural products such as fruit and coffee. Peru’s main imports from Germany are capital goods, such as machinery and motor vehicles but also pharmaceutical and chemical products.
A German-Peruvian investment protection agreement has been in force since 1997. No bilateral double taxation agreement has been concluded. A free trade agreement also exists between the European Union and Peru, Colombia and Ecuador.
A bilateral agreement on cooperation in the fields of raw materials, industry and technology entered into force at the beginning of 2015. This partnership provides for closer cooperation in areas including the implementation of international environmental and social standards in the exploration, extraction and exploitation of raw materials.
Peru is a partner country of German development cooperation and one of the biggest recipients of German development cooperation funding in Latin America. This assistance is greatly valued and appreciated by the Peruvian side, although implementation problems are emerging due to the weak nature of state institutions. In all, Peru has received some two billion euros in financial cooperation and technical cooperation since bilateral cooperation began.
In consultation with the Peruvian Government, bilateral development cooperation focuses on the following three priority areas:
Modernisation of the state (democracy, civil society, public administration): German development cooperation is supporting the Peruvian Government in its efforts to modernise public administration and boost the efficiency of state institutions.
Sustainable urban development: cities and urban development play a particularly crucial role in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Peru. One key element of urban infrastructure is the municipal water sector, which in Peru is very vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Sustainable rural development, natural resource management and climate change: German development cooperation is helping the Peruvian Government to protect the country’s extraordinary wealth of natural resources (fourth largest area of tropical forests worldwide, great variety of flora and fauna) and to make better use of these assets.
More information is available on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
Culture and education
Cultural relations are also wide ranging. The Goethe-Institut has a branch office in Lima, and there is a German-Peruvian cultural institute in Arequipa. Apart from the Deutsche Alexander von Humboldt-Schule Lima (an international school with approximately 1600 students), there are two other German schools abroad, one in Chosica (near Lima) and another in Arequipa. In addition, six schools receive support from the Federal Foreign Office, in particular to promote German teaching. In all, 14 Peruvian schools, and soon 15, participate in the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH), which is designed to arouse young people’s long term interest in present day Germany and in the German language. It is also thanks to this initiative that there are now some 16,000 people learning German in Peru.
Another priority area of cultural cooperation is scientific and academic exchange. In 2016, 222 Peruvians, from students to university teachers, were in Germany on German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) scholarships. Conversely, the DAAD provided support to 141 Germans studying in Peru. A DAAD Information Centre was opened at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in March 2016 but closed in late June 2017. A total of around 1230 Peruvians are studying in Germany.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) has supported a number of Peru related projects in the past, and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation has provided funding to several Peruvian researchers.
This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.