Bilateral political relations between Germany and Peru are marked by friendship and mutual trust. Germany supports the modernisation of governance in Peru, including strengthening institutions and the civil service at various government levels and promoting the inclusion of civil society.
The exchange of political visits has increased significantly over the past few years and was particularly intensive in 2015 when Germany’s then Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and then Federal President Joachim Gauck visited Peru in February and March respectively. The Minister-President of Land Hesse, Volker Bouffier, visited Peru in September 2016. There have also been numerous visits by other government ministers, state secretaries and Members of the German Bundestag. The most recent visit was by a delegation from the German Bundestag’s Committee on Economic Cooperation and Development in late May 2018.
Germany is a major trading partner of Peru’s, exporting high-quality capital goods and importing metallic raw materials and agricultural products.
In 2018, Peru imported goods worth 1.048 billion US dollars from Germany and exported goods worth 1.127 billion US dollars to Germany.
Overall, Peru exports more than it imports, largely due to its high exports of raw materials.
Peruvian exports to Germany still come predominantly from the mining sector (mostly copper, silver, zinc and tin), followed by agricultural products such as fruit and coffee. Peru’s main imports from Germany are capital goods, such as machinery and motor vehicles, but also textiles, medicinal products and chemical products.
A German-Peruvian investment protection agreement has been in force since 1997. There is no double taxation agreement between the two countries. A free trade agreement also exists between the EU and Peru, Colombia and Ecuador.
A bilateral agreement on cooperation in the fields of raw materials, industry and technology entered into force at the beginning of 2015. This partnership provides for closer cooperation in areas including the implementation of international environmental and social standards in the exploration, extraction and exploitation of raw materials.
Peru is a partner country in German development cooperation and one of the biggest recipients of German development cooperation funding in Latin America. This development cooperation is valued and appreciated by the Peruvian side.
As agreed with the Peruvian Government, bilateral development cooperation focuses on the following three priority areas:
Democracy, civil society and public administration: German development cooperation supports the Peruvian Government in its efforts to modernise the public administration and make state institutions more efficient. One important part of cooperation is providing support to Peru’s reforms as regards its anti-corruption agenda.
Sustainable urban development in the face of climate change: Cities and urban development play a particularly crucial role in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Peru. One key area of urban infrastructure is the state water sector, which is severely threatened in Peru by climate change. Cooperation in the urban mobility sector also plays an important role (transport sector, energy and waste management).
Environmental policy/Protection and sustainable use of natural resources: German development cooperation helps the Peruvian Government to protect the country’s extraordinary wealth of natural resources (it has the fourth-largest area of tropical forests worldwide and a great variety of flora and fauna) and to improve awareness of its value. Forest protection is a particularly important field here, as is promoting sustainability in the forest sector.
More information is available on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development:
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development website: Information on Peru.
Culture and education
Cultural relations are also wide-ranging. The Goethe-Institut has a branch in Lima, and a German-Peruvian cultural institute is located in Arequipa. Apart from the Alexander von Humboldt School (an international school with approximately 1600 students), there are two other German schools in Peru – in Chosica (near Lima) and Arequipa – and six schools that are supported by the Federal Foreign Office, in particular on account of their German teaching. Fifteen Peruvian schools take part in the programme Schools: Partners for the Future. The aim of this initiative is to encourage a lasting interest among young people in contemporary Germany and the German language. It is also thanks to this initiative that some 18,500 people are now learning German in Peru.
Academic exchange is another priority area of cultural cooperation. In 2017, 231 Peruvians, from students to university teachers, went to Germany on German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) scholarships. Conversely, the DAAD provided funding to 285 Germans to study in Peru. A German Academic Exchange Service Information Centre was opened at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in March 2016, but closed in late June 2017. In total, 1118 Peruvians were registered as students in Germany in 2016/2017.
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) has supported a number of projects on Peru in the past. The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation has provided funding to several Peruvian Researchers..
This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.