Ties with Germany’s southern neighbour Austria are based not only on shared language and culture but also on a centuries-long shared history. The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation encompassed both Austrians and Germans and for several centuries the Holy Roman Emperors came from the House of Habsburg.
As neighbours, Germany and Austria maintain especially close political relations based on mutual trust. This is particularly true of their cooperation in the EU. Because of the many similar political, economic and social challenges Germany and Austria face, interest in developments in the partner country is particularly keen.
Germany is Austria’s most important economic partner by far, with bilateral trade worth around 100 billion euros a year. Numerous German companies have branch offices and production facilities in Austria. The country is one of the most popular tourist destinations among Germans, who account for approximately 12 million visitors and 50 million overnight stays annually.
German cultural and academic exchange with Austria is probably more intense and wide-ranging than with any other country. Many German conductors, orchestras, musicians, singers, directors, artistic directors and actors work in Austria, and the same applies to Austrians in Germany. Vacancies for academic positions are often advertised across the border. Numerous German-Austrian film and TV co‑productions, some of which have won awards, testify to the excellent cooperation in this area, too.
The two countries’ media markets are closely linked, as is illustrated by the fact that German publishing houses hold shares in Austrian media companies, co‑productions in radio, television and film abound, and the countries cooperate on the TV channels 3Sat and Arte. Owing to extensive media coverage of the partner country, there is much common ground and overlapping in public debate on political, economic, cultural and social issues.