Germany and Montenegro: Bilateral relations

11.11.2021 - Article

Providing support for political and economic reform as part of EU accession negotiations is a central pillar of bilateral relations.

A number of projects supported by Germany promote efforts to implement the reform efforts of democratic forces in Montenegro and to strengthen the country’s administrative structures, especially in legal and administrative reform, promoting civil society and in terms of the role of the media. Particular importance is also attached to these issues in the ongoing EU accession process.

Good and successful development cooperation has been established with Montenegro, which Germany has been involved in as the largest bilateral donor. The following areas are focuses of development policy cooperation, which are mainly projects supported by Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ):

  • promoting public infrastructure, particularly in the energy sector and with respect to the supply of drinking water and waste water treatment
  • the tourism sector and environment
  • promoting business and creating jobs, especially in small and medium-sized companies

With the commencement of EU accession negotiations, Montenegro has ceased to be a recipient of bilateral development cooperation. Ongoing projects will, however, be concluded. The EU supports the European integration of Montenegro, for example by means of the Instrument for Pre‑accession Assistance (IPA). The IPA is used to promote projects in the fields of the rule of law, human rights, good governance, the green agenda and sustainability, competitiveness and inclusive growth. Germany is supporting Montenegro’s efforts to deal with the COVID‑19 pandemic, for example, by providing the country with vaccines through the COVAX mechanism which receives significant funding from the EU and Germany and through the Robert Koch Institute - Federal Institute for Infectious and Non-communicable Diseases. Germany is also sharing its experience, helping set up training and laboratory infrastructure in the north of the country. Since 2007, a cooperative partnership has been in place between the University of Nikšić’s German Department and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). There is a DAAD academic teacher working at the department. German scholarship and exchange programmes are also very popular.

The Central Agency for Schools Abroad is running the programme to enable pupils to acquire the German Language Certificate at two schools. The Goethe-Institut serves Montenegro in terms of cultural and language work from its offices in Belgrade. A language learning centre commenced work in the autumn of 2019.

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