Providing support for political and economic reform as part of EU accession negotiations is a central pillar of bilateral relations.
A number of projects supported by Germany promote efforts to implement the reform efforts of democratic forces in Montenegro and to strengthen the country’s administrative structures, especially in legal and administrative reform, promoting civil society and in terms of the role of the media. Particular importance is also attached to these issues in the ongoing EU accession process.
Good and successful development cooperation has been established with Montenegro, which Germany has been involved in as the biggest bilateral donor. The following areas are focuses of development policy cooperation, which are mainly projects supported by Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ):
- promoting public infrastructure, particularly in the energy sector and with respect to the supply of drinking water and waste water treatment
- the tourism sector and environment
- promoting business and creating jobs, especially in small and medium-sized companies
With the commencement of EU accession negotiations, Montenegro has ceased to be a recipient of bilateral development cooperation. Ongoing projects will, however, be concluded. The EU supports the European integration of Montenegro, for example by means of the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA). Some 235.7 million euros in funding was available for the period from 2007 to 2013. In the current financial framework for 2014-2020, more than 270 million euros in funding has been earmarked for Montenegro (plus a further eight million euros as a bonus for progress made).
Since 2007, a cooperative partnership has been in place between the University of Nikšić’s German Department and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). There is a DAAD academic teacher working at the department. German scholarship and exchange programmes are also very popular.
The Goethe-Institut serves Montenegro in terms of cultural and language work from its offices in Belgrade. A language learning centre is being set up and commenced work in the autumn of 2019.