German-Mexican relations encompass a very wide range of political, economic, cultural and social topics. Joint, and in part regional, development cooperation focuses on the fields of sustainable energy, environmental protection and biodiversity.
Mexico is Germany’s most important trading partner in Latin America, while Germany is Mexico’s largest trading partner in the EU. In 2018, bilateral trade amounted to just under 22 billion euros. Automobile manufacturing and components, as well as the chemical, pharmaceutical and electronics industries, are the main sectors in bilateral trade relations.
Almost 2000 companies with German holdings are registered with the Mexican Secretariat of Economy. Around a third of these firms have their own production plants in Mexico. German companies create several hundred thousand direct jobs in Mexico. The German model of dual vocational training is of great interest to international and Mexican firms. Germany is helping Mexico to set up its own system of dual vocational training. Mexico was a partner country at the 2018 HANNOVER MESSE. The first Latin American edition of this trade fair was held in the Mexican city of León in October 2019.
Mexico is a priority country for German cultural relations and education policy, and all Germany’s major cultural organisations are active there. The Goethe-Institut (GI) plays a prominent role in cultural cooperation.
Mexico has five publicly funded German international schools in Mexico, which are attended by some 7000 students. Furthermore, seven Mexican schools across the country are Goethe-Institut partner schools in the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative. There is great demand for German as a foreign language, with some 86,000 people currently learning German in Mexico.
Since 2001, the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) has had a branch office in Mexico City, one of 15 worldwide. Around 3000 Mexicans study in Germany. In total, there are 450 cooperation agreements between German and Mexican universities.