Malta gained its independence in 1964. Germany and Malta have maintained diplomatic relations since 1965. Malta has been an EU member state since 1 May 2004.
Germany is one of Malta’s most important economic and trading partners, with between 50 and 60 German companies currently operating in Malta. German direct investment in Malta stood at 17 billion euro at the end of 2020. The largest percentage comes from financial services but it is manufacturing industries that are providing the most jobs, including Playmobil, as well as technical service companies such as Lufthansa Technik.
Prior to the coronavirus pandemic the economy was booming, particularly the construction, online gambling, tourism and financial service sectors. In 2020 and 2021 the government put in place substantial economic stimulus packages to mitigate the effects of the pandemic. Economic growth of 4.9% is forecast for 2022.
The German-Maltese Circle has fostered cultural relations between Malta and Germany since 1962. It offers language classes and organises events such as exhibitions, film screenings and concerts, thus filling the gap caused by the absence of a Goethe-Institut in the country.
There are also a number of joint projects between the University of Malta and the Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology with various German educational institutions. Since the 2009/10 winter semester, the Federal Foreign Office has funded a German Chair in Peace and Conflict Prevention at the University of Malta’s Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies (MEDAC).