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Germany and Malta: Bilateral relations

31.03.2022 - Article

Malta gained its independence in 1964. Germany and Malta have maintained diplomatic relations since 1965. Malta has been an EU member state since 1 May 2004.

Germany is one of Malta’s most important economic and trading partners, with between 50 and 60 German companies currently operating in Malta. German direct investment in Malta stood at 22 billion euro at the end of 2019. The largest percentage comes from financial services but it is manufacturing industries that are providing the most jobs, including Playmobil, as well as technical service industries such as Lufthansa Technik.

Due to increased exports and consumption, Malta experienced a growth in GDP of 5.9% before the pandemic. It fell by 8.2% in 2020, grew by 5.9% in 2021 and is forecast to increase by 6% in 2022. The upturn was largely due to the extensive economic stimulus package.

The most important economic sector is services and here in particular tourism, finance, online gambling as well as information and communications technology.

The German-Maltese Circle has fostered cultural relations between Malta and Germany since 1962. It offers language classes and organises events such as exhibitions, film screenings and concerts, thus filling the gap caused by the absence of a Goethe-Institut in the country.

There are also a number of joint projects between the University of Malta and the Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology with various German educational institutions. Since the 2009/10 winter semester, the Federal Foreign Office has funded a German Chair in Peace and Conflict Prevention at the University of Malta’s Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies (MEDAC).

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