Germany and Malaysia: Bilateral relations

12.04.2022 - Article

Political relations between Malaysia and Germany are principally based on the two countries’ intensive economic relations. Germany sees Malaysia as an important and stable partner in Southeast Asia, a leading member of ASEAN and a moderate representative of the Islamic world.

Economic ties between Germany and Malaysia have been very close for many years. The Malaysian-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry, which was founded in 1991, is the largest EU chamber.

For many years, Malaysia – along with Singapore – has been Germany’s principal trading partner among the ASEAN countries. In 2020, bilateral trade amounted to 13 billion euros.

Malaysia attracts foreign direct investment thanks to its favourable investment climate. At the same time, investment ensures technology transfer, which in turn boosts the economy. A good 700 German companies are based in Malaysia, many of which run production plants and export the goods they manufacture worldwide. Malaysia is also increasingly being used by German companies as a regional hub for Southeast Asia and beyond.

Cultural cooperation focuses on education and language classes, including via the Goethe-Institut Malaysia and a German Academic Exchange Service lector. There are nine PASCH schools in Malaysia and German is taught at 50 secondary schools in Malaysia.

In higher education, there are more than 100 cooperation agreements between German and Malaysian universities and universities of applied sciences. Over 1500 young Malaysians – many of them on Malaysian government scholarships – are studying at German universities. There is also a growing number of double degree programmes leading to degrees that are recognised in both Germany and Malaysia. This has also led to an increase in the number of German guest students in Malaysia.

Some of Germany’s political foundations support ecological, socio-cultural, educational and media projects in Malaysia. The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung has its own office in Kuala Lumpur.


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