Last updated in December 2017

Political relations

Relations between the two countries have traditionally been friendly. Germany’s then Federal President Horst Köhler visited Madagascar in April 2006. Following the 2009 coup, which plunged Madagascar into a deep political crisis and led to the country’s international isolation, Germany resumed development cooperation in 2015 in the wake of the country’s successful democratic elections. 

In late 2016, the German and Malagasy Governments held their first formal talks on development cooperation since 2008. Germany provided Madagascar with a total of 59.6 million euros in 2016. Bilateral cooperation focuses on addressing challenges in the environmental sector, expanding infrastructure and fighting poverty. Support is also being given to projects by non-governmental organisations that aim, inter alia, to strengthen disaster preparedness and improve food security. Humanitarian assistance totalling millions is provided to the country through the implementing organisations United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

Economic relations

In 2016, German imports from Madagascar were worth 218.22 million euros and German exports to Madagascar approximately 30.85 million euros. Germany’s main imports from Madagascar were agricultural products, clothing, food and animal feeds, and metals. Germany’s main exports to Madagascar were machinery, chemical products, data processing equipment, motor vehicles and vehicle parts. 

Madagascar is keen to attract tourists from the German-speaking countries and has been participating in the international travel trade show ITB Berlin since 2003. Germany accounts for only about three percent of the tourists visiting Madagascar, with the vast majority coming from France.

Development cooperation

Madagascar is a partner country of German development cooperation . Germany has traditionally been one of the country’s main cooperation partners. Bilateral cooperation focuses on the sustainable use of natural resources, in particular environmental protection and the preservation of Madagascar’s unique biodiversity. Madagascar National Parks (MNP) is an important partner in setting up and extending the national network of protected areas. Ancillary measures include supporting non-governmental institutions, rural grassroots organisations and the private sector. 

Following the March 2009 coup, government-level development cooperation was temporarily suspended pending a return to democracy. Since the beginning of 2015, in the three years after the resumption of development cooperation, commitments under the ongoing portfolio have grown to approximately 200 million euros. 

The main German non-governmental organisations active in Madagascar include Welthungerhilfe (formerly German Agro Action), Care Germany, the German Red Cross and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA). Since 2006, a microcredit bank (AccèsBanque Madagascar) has been receiving support in the form of German expertise and co-funding.

Cultural relations

Important elements in cultural relations with Madagascar are the work of the Goethe-Zentrum in Antananarivo, Cercle Germano-Malagasy (CGM), and academic contacts in the fields of natural sciences and German studies. With approximately 900 pupils learning German, the CGM helps spread the German language and has for decades been the organiser of a wide range of events and a recognised and highly regarded player in Madagascar’s cultural life – particularly that of the capital city of Antananarivo – and an important complement to the still strong French influence on the country’s culture. Since its establishment, the CGM has been funded from the Federal Foreign Office’s cultural budget. There are a total of some 30,400 pupils learning German at private and public secondary schools. Since 2008, two grammar schools have been partner schools under the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH).

There is an Institute for German Studies at the country’s largest public university, Université d'Antananarivo, for which the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) provides a lector. The DAAD also awards scholarships, organises internships and assists students entering the labour market.

This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.

Additional content

Madagascar is a partner country of German development cooperation. For more information please visit the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development

Top of page