Political relations

Germany has traditionally enjoyed a close partnership with Liechtenstein, based on shared history and culture as well as wide-ranging economic, political and personnel ties. Liechtenstein has been represented in Berlin by an Ambassador since 2002. Since 1992, the German Ambassador in Berne has also been accredited to Vaduz. There has been a German Honorary Consul in Liechtenstein since 2005. In 2008, Liechtenstein for its part appointed Honorary Consuls to Frankfurt am Main and Munich. Regular high-level contacts ensure a continuous exchange of views between the two Governments. Cooperation is particularly close in the United Nations and other international organisations.

Economic relations

Liechtenstein has formed a monetary and customs union with Switzerland since 1923. Otherwise, Germany is Liechtenstein’s largest trading and economic partner. In 2017, exports to Germany decreased by nearly one percent, to 779 million Swiss francs, and accounted for approximately 23 percent of Liechtenstein’s total exports of 3.3 billion Swiss francs (excluding exports to Switzerland since such statistical data is not compiled due to the monetary union). During the same period, Liechtenstein’s imports from Germany totalled 741 million Swiss francs, and accounted for approximately 37 percent of its total imports of 2 billion Swiss francs (excluding imports from Switzerland). An agreement on mutual assistance in tax matters in accordance with OECD standards entered into force on 1 November 2010. A comprehensive double taxation agreement entered into force on 19 December 2012.

Cultural relations

Cultural relations between Germany and Liechtenstein are close and wide-ranging. Liechtenstein sees itself as a country traditionally belonging to the German-speaking world and German culture. Since 2000, Liechtenstein has been a regular participant at the Frankfurter Buchmesse - Frankfurt Book Fair and the extent of its cultural activities in Germany is considerable. For many years now, there has been an intensive cultural exchange between Liechtenstein and Berlin’s Treptow-Köpenick district.

There is also close cooperation in the area of education, for example between teachers of German in the two countries. The 2015-2019 Activity Programme of the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK) and German-Speaking Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (D-EDK) – the EDK and D-EDK are comparable to the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Länder in the Federal Republic of Germany (KMK) – shows that the tasks and goals of the EDK also influence many aspects of Liechtenstein’s education policy. Interests are very similar in the following areas: agreements on the freedom of movement, the mutual recognition of university degrees, special needs education and education monitoring.

In 2018 academic year, there were 43 students from Liechtenstein studying at German higher education institutions and one professor from Liechtenstein working in Germany. In the same period, there were some 1404 German students enrolled in higher education institutions in Liechtenstein.

This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents


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