Three milestones along the path to peace in Libya

Launch of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum in Tunis on 9 November

Launch of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum in Tunis on 9 November, © dpa

10.11.2020 - Article

Good news from Libya has been sparse over the past year. Recently, however, there have been several signs of hope. There have been three recent milestones along the path to peace for Libya:

  1. Kick-off for intra-Libyan dialogue: since the start of this week, 75 Libyans have been negotiating in Tunis on the country’s political future. Libyan society is also represented, not least by spokespersons for young people, alongside the political powers. The negotiations are being flanked by the United Nations. The aim of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF) is to establish a political framework for national elections within 18 months and to appoint a transitional government.
  2. Progress towards a true ceasefire: on 23 October in Geneva, through the mediation of the United Nations, the military from both parties to the conflict agreed on a ceasefire, withdrawal of troops and the removal of foreign forces. Now, negotiations are continuing in Libya on the concrete implementation of the ceasefire, with positive results so far. Since 10 November, the negotiators have been meeting in the city of Sirte.
  3. No power vacuum during the ongoing negotiations: originally, Fayez al-Sarraj, Prime Minister of the Libyan Government of National Accord, had announced his intention to vacate his post from the end of October. By so doing, he wanted to clear the way for a new transitional administration recognised by all Libyans. However, as the LPDF only commenced its work at the end of October, initially in a virtual format, the United Nations and the Federal Government asked him to remain in office for the duration of the negotiations.

The journey to peace in Libya is not yet over. There is still much work to do. The negotiations now in progress will require difficult decisions and painful compromise from all parties. Germany will continue to support the efforts of the United Nations within the framework of the so-called Berlin Process.


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