Bilateral relations focus on cooperation in international organisations, promoting bilateral economic ties, global issues such as climate protection, issues on the maritime agenda, sustainable development strategies and cooperation in the G20, as well as Germany’s assistance in reforming the Indonesian vocational training sector.
In Jakarta in July 2012, Federal Chancellor Merkel concluded a wide-ranging basic agreement, the Jakarta Declaration, with then Indonesian President Yudhoyono. This provides the basis for close and multifaceted cooperation between Germany and Indonesia within the framework of a strategic partnership.
As the largest members of the European Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) respectively, Germany and Indonesia connect on numerous points on the regional policy front.
As the country with the world’s largest Muslim population, Indonesia is an important partner for Germany in the dialogue on religious issues and the prevention of radicalisation.
In the aftermath of the economic downturn caused by the pandemic in 2020, bilateral trade was worth approximately 5.6 billion euro, of which exports from Germany totalled 2.1 billion euro (primarily machines and chemical products). The investment protection agreement (between Germany and Indonesia) ceased to be in force in 2017. In addition to its economic importance, Indonesia is a strong voice on the global stage in particular through its role in the area of climate change and the environment – not only because of its extensive forests and rich biodiversity, but also because the country is one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases. Germany is supporting Indonesia particularly in the context of promoting renewable energies, forest conservation and vocational training, with the result that it is now one of Indonesia’s largest bilateral development partners. Furthermore, Germany supports numerous development programmes via the EU, multilateral institutions, non-governmental organisations and in a regional context through ASEAN.
Germany is highly regarded in Indonesia in the field of culture and education. It enjoys an excellent reputation as a place to study and engage in research and has for years been one of the top choices for Indonesian students wanting to study abroad. The German language also keeps growing in popularity in Indonesia. There are currently more than 150,000 Indonesians learning German.