Germany and the United Kingdom: Bilateral relations
UK-German relations are close, multi-faceted and based on mutual trust. Both countries are members of NATO, the United Nations, the G7, the G20 and other international bodies. Like Germany, the UK is actively engaged in international climate protection. The two countries enjoy strong trade and investment relations; in the field of security policy, the UK stands alongside France and the United States as a close strategic partner for Germany.
Bilateral cultural relations between the UK and Germany are strong and vibrant and are based on a large number of public, private and civil society links and activities (including around 482 town and city twinning arrangements).
An important role is played by the Goethe-Institut London and Glasgow, the Deutsche Schule London, the DAAD branch office and the German Historical Institute also located in the capital, and the bilateral youth exchange office UK‑German Connection – the only one of its kind in the UK.
Following its withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, the UK has been a third country as regards the EU since 1 February 2020. The Brexit transition period ended on 31 December 2020 and the UK is now no longer part of the single market or the customs union. Its economic relations with the EU are governed by a Trade and Cooperation Agreement.