Last updated in Mai 2018

Some 25,000 Eritreans found refuge in Germany during Eritrea’s war of independence from Ethiopia (1961-1991). These refugees, the majority of whom have since acquired German citizenship, still maintain close contacts with their home country even today.

The potential that exists for closer relations between Germany and Eritrea has not been fully realised since the end of the Ethiopian-Eritrean border war (1998-2000). There is little investment, meagre bilateral trade and hardly any tourism. Cultural exchange is also very modest. Eritrea expects more support from Germany – as well as other countries –for its position on the border conflict with Ethiopia.

Development cooperation was terminated in mid-2008. Eritrea has not taken advantage of residual bilateral development cooperation funding that would have been available in late 2010 for an alternative energy project.

Germany is currently planning to support Eritrea through two projects that focus on promoting employment. These projects are financed by transitional development assistance from the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as well as the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa.

A number of German non-governmental organisations, such as Archemed, Medcare, Pro Eritrea, Hammer Forum, Eritrea Hilfswerk are active in Eritrea, despite the difficult conditions under which they operate.

This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.

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