Last updated April 2017


Federal Republic of Germany


Germany lies in the moderately cool west wind zone between the Atlantic Ocean and the continental climate in the East.


The country’s maximum extension from north to south is 876 kilometres as the crow flies, and from west to east 640 kilometres.


357,050 sq km


Berlin (approx. 3.5 million inhabitants)


82.2 million inhabitants, of whom approx. 8.7 million are foreigners (destatis, 31.12.2015)


Minority languages: Frisian, Sorbian, Danish and Romany


Protestants (27% of the population); Catholics (29% of the population); Muslims (4% of the population); 100,000 members of Jewish communities, and others (2015)

National Day

3 October, Day of German Unity (reunification in 1990).

System of Government

Democratic and social federal system

Head of State

Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier, since March 2017

Head of Government

Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel, since November 2005

Foreign Minister

Federal Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel, since January 2017


German Bundestag (Lower House), 630 members elected for a four-year term. Bundestag President Dr. Norbert Lammert (CDU/CSU).
German Bundesrat (Upper House), representation of the 16 federal states, comprising members of the federal state governments. The office of Bundesrat President is held by one of the federal states’ Minister-Presidents, elected for a one-year term.


Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and Christian Social Union (CSU) 311 seats, Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 193 seats,
Left Party 64 seats, Alliance 90/The Greens 63 seats

Administrative structure

Federation comprising 16 federal states (Länder)

Membership in international organisations

United Nations (1973), NATO (1955), Council of Europe (1950), OECD (1961), EC (1957), OSCE (1975) and all important United Nations specialized agencies.

Principal Media

Public-service radio and television stations (ARD, ZDF, Deutsche Welle, etc.) as well as a large number of commercial radio and television stations (including RTL, SAT 1, Pro 7, Kabel 1).
Over 300 daily newspapers, including Bild, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Welt, and the weekly Die Zeit. Several nationwide news magazines (Spiegel, Focus, etc.).

Gross National Product

3,132.7 billion euros (destatis.de, 2016)

Per-Capita GNP

37,866 euros (destatis.de, 2016)


This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.