Bilateral relations with Costa Rica are traditionally close and based on mutual trust. The fact that many Costa Ricans have German roots has created a special relationship with Germany. Costa Rica and Germany are partners in the Alliance for Multilateralism. In May 2019, Costa Rica’s then-President Alvarado Quesada visited Germany, where he had talks and opened the Digital Future Forum at the Federal Foreign Office together with the then Foreign Minister Maas. The main focuses of the wide-ranging bilateral relations are trade and economic exchange (medical technology, agricultural products, mechanical engineering), cooperation on environmental and climate change issues, as well as cultural and academic relations.
The number of German tourists who are drawn to Costa Rica by its tremendous biodiversity, coastlines and many national parks has meanwhile returned to pre-pandemic levels.
Germany is one of Costa Rica’s most important trading partners in the European Union, Germany exports chemical products, machinery, vehicles and vehicle parts. Its main imports from Costa Rica are foodstuffs, as well as, for example, medical technology measurement and control technology, electrical engineering products, electronics and chemical products.
A bilateral investment protection and promotion agreement has been in place since 24 March 1998 and a bilateral double taxation agreement since 10 August 2016. A large number of German companies operate in Costa Rica. In autumn 2019, a dual system of vocational training based on the German model was introduced in Costa Rica. The German school in San José, the Colegio Humboldt, teaches up to the German university-entrance qualification (Abitur) level.
Germany has been supporting Costa Rica’s committed climate and human rights policies for many years, in particular through projects aimed at a sustainable economy, the protection of biodiversity, decarbonisation and the digital transformation, as well as the protection of the rights of women and minorities.