Germany and Botswana: Bilateral relations

15.10.2019 - Article

Political relations

Relations between Botswana and Germany are based on mutual respect and consensus. Federal Minister Gerd Müller’s visit to Botswana in August 2018 and Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier’s state visit in November 2018 reflect Germany’s continuing interest in the country. Botswana has had an Embassy in Berlin since autumn 2013. The German Embassy in Gaborone has existed since 1975.

Botswana’s President Khama visited Germany in 2017 for the ITB Berlin and held talks with Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel and the then Federal President, Joachim Gauck.

A delegation from the Bundestag Committee on Economic Affairs and Energy visited Botswana in February 2019. The trip focused mainly on vocational training, the outlook for Botswana’s economic diversification and renewable energy.

Economic relations

Trade between Germany and Botswana is modest, as is German direct investment in the country. Meat products are Botswana’s main export to Germany, while Germany’s principal exports to Botswana are machinery, motor vehicles and electrical products. It should be remembered that Botswana gets most of its imports from South Africa, including many German products. These imports do not, however, appear in the bilateral trade statistics.

Botswana could also be of interest to German business and industry because of its domestic stability, its geographical location and its sound finances. The German-Botswana investment protection and promotion agreement entered into force in 2007. Negotiations for a double taxation agreement are ongoing.

Development cooperation

Bilateral financial cooperation ended in 1992, technical cooperation in 2004.

An agreement provides for the continuation of bilateral cooperation with a focus on vocational training, with co-financing from the Botswana Government and the Botswana Chamber of Mines covering 70 percent of the overall costs. Botswana also benefits from EU and German cooperation with the Southern African Development Community (SADC).


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