Official relations between Germany and Argentina have existed since 1857 when the Treaty of Friendship, Trade and Shipping was signed between the two countries or, to be more precise, between the German Customs Union and the Argentine Confederation. Bilateral relations have a broad basis in business, science and culture and are characterised by similar positions on important multilateral issues. Along with Brazil and Mexico, Argentina is one of the three countries representing Latin America in the G20 group of major industrialised countries and emerging economies.
In Latin America, Argentina is Germany’s third most important trading partner (after Brazil and Mexico). Germany’s principal imports from Argentina are raw materials and food. Germany is the biggest buyer of Argentine beef in the EU. Imports of vehicles and vehicle parts from Argentina account for an important part of German imports from the country. When it comes to German exports to Argentina, traditional industrial products are to the fore.
In Argentina, there is great interest in German culture and the German language. Although this highly positive attitude is supported by the large number of Argentines with German roots (according to estimates, ca. one million), the interest in Germany goes far beyond that. The branches of the Goethe-Institut in the cities of Buenos Aires and Córdoba, as well as two branches of the Goethe-Zentrum and nine other cultural societies, are helping shape German cultural relations policy on the ground. In turn, the German schools abroad in Argentina are among the most highly regarded private schools in the country. As part of its Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH), Germany supports a total of 30 schools in the country, at which the teaching of German as a foreign language enjoys particular prominence. There are four German schools in Greater Buenos Aires.
Germany also enjoys an excellent reputation in Argentina as a partner in academia and science. Bilateral cooperation in science and technology has a long tradition dating back many years (framework agreement of 31 March 1969). Beacon projects include the German-Argentine Centre for Higher Education (DAHZ), the Max Planck Partner Institute for Biomedical Research or the Argentine-German Geodetic Observatory (AGGO).