Germany and Algeria: Bilateral relations

27.12.2021 - Article

Political relations between Algeria and Germany are good. Even in the 1990s, when Algeria suffered the effects of Islamist terrorist attacks, Germany maintained diplomatic contacts with the country. In 2001, the then President Abdelaziz Bouteflika became the first Algerian President to pay an official visit to Germany. The visit by then Federal President Horst Köhler in November 2007 was the first state visit to Algeria by a German President. The first trip abroad by the current President Abdelmadjid Tebboune was to Berlin on 19 January 2020 to attend the Berlin Conference on Libya.

Germany is the fourth biggest supplier of Algerian imports. Germany’s principal exports to Algeria are motor vehicles and vehicle parts, machinery and chemical products. Its primary imports from Algeria are oil and petrochemicals. The German-Algerian Chamber of Industry and Commerce has around 400 members. 

In addition to the German-Algerian Joint Economic Commission that Federal Chancellor Merkel and President Bouteflika agreed to set up in 2011, the energy partnership established between the two countries in 2015 has provided another forum for promoting bilateral business contacts. The third German-Algerian Energy Conference was held on 9 December 2021 in Algiers and focused on the potential for the development of green hydrogen in Algeria.

Germany and Algeria have concluded a number of bilateral agreements, such as the investment protection agreement of 2002 and the double taxation agreement of 2008. The two countries also have bilateral agreements on shipping and air transport, among other things.

Germany and Algeria are currently negotiating a bilateral cultural agreement, which is intended to provide the basis for deeper cultural and academic cooperation between the two countries.

The Goethe-Institut in Algiers was established in 1963 and has been operational again since 2002. Its activities focus on language work and cooperation in the field of education. Five Algerian schools are part of the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH), and teach German as a foreign language. The number of people learning German has doubled to 48,000 in only a few years.

Since 2008, the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) and Algeria’s National Public Museum of Cherchell have cooperated on the restoration of archaeological artefacts, specialised training for staff, and the reorganisation of the Museum.


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