German-Albanian relations are close and characterised by a spirit of partnership. Since the process of democratic change unfolded in the country in 1991, Germany has become one of Albania’s most important bilateral partners.
There are economic contacts between Germany and Albania. Germany is the 11th largest direct investor in Albania. In 2019, bilateral trade was worth around 493 million euro. Of this total, exports to Germany account for 115 million euro and imports from Germany 378 million euro.
Albania has been a partner country of German development cooperation since 1998. In the field of development cooperation, Germany is Albania's most important bilateral donor providing support in the form of subsidies and loans to the tune of more than 1.1 billion euro in the priority fields of water supplies/waste water and waste, energy and sustainable economic development, including vocational training. Environmental and climate protection is a major cross-cutting topic.
Cultural relations between Germany and Albania are based on the cultural agreement that entered into force on 25 March 2019. There is keen interest in Albania in cultural exchange with Germany. Every autumn since 2007, the German Embassy in Tirana and numerous partners have organised German October, that is, German-Albanian cultural weeks in Albania.
As part of the Schools: Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH), Germany supports six Albanian schools at which German is taught. Since 2018, German universities have recognised the Albanian higher education entrance qualification. A number of universities in Albania maintain contacts with German universities. These contacts are used to organise student and faculty exchanges.
Germany is also engaged in efforts to preserve and maintain Albania’s cultural heritage. For instance, it has provided support to the National Museum of Medieval Art in Korça with its important collection of icons and to the Marubi Photo Archives in Shkodra.
The Goethe-Zentrum Tirana is an important player in German cultural and education cooperation with Albania. It reports to the Goethe-Institut in Skopje. The Goethe-Zentrum offers German courses at all levels and organises its own cultural Events.