Half of the Afghan population, around 18 million people, is dependent on humanitarian assistance. Some 3.5 million Afghans are internally displaced, while almost as many have fled to neighbouring countries or the region at large. The already weak economy has slumped further since the Taliban took (over) power. Many people who used to be able to provide for themselves without any problems have lost their work, resulting in them and their families becoming dependent on assistance. At the same time, a severe drought is decimating the harvest yields.
Germany is providing 100 million euro for humanitarian assistance
In late August, Germany pledged to make available an additional 100 million euro for humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan. This aid will directly benefit people via partner organisations such as the World Food Programme (WFP) or the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The German Government is providing this assistance mainly on the basis of the needs calculated by the United Nations and the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement.
The relief organisations can use this money to provide quick and efficient assistance for millions of people in need throughout the country. At the same time, our partners ensure that the assistance is only used for humanitarian purposes and does not fall into the hands of the Taliban. In neighbouring countries such as Iran and Pakistan, Germany is also helping its partner organisations to meet humanitarian needs.
The World Food Programme (WFP), for instance, is helping people who had to leave their villages due to the hostilities or the ongoing severe drought and who have lost their livelihood as a result. The WFP is making available food and firewood to these people or providing cash so that families can buy their own supplies. This also benefits the local economy, as people can once more buy basic necessities in the markets.
The UNHCR, with Germany’s help, has set up accommodation, sanitary facilities and medical stations. Here the refugees, including many children, find shelter and receive medical care as well as essential supplies.
Here is the exact breakdown:
- WFP: 40 million euro
- UNHCR: 40 million euro
- International Committee of the Red Cross: 10 million euro
- International Organization for Migration: 5 million euro
- Country-Based Pooled Fund for Afghanistan: 5 million euro
Further 500 million euro earmarked
It is already clear that the situation will continue to deteriorate, not least in light of the approaching winter. Germany has therefore announced that it will provide a further 500 million euro to support people in Afghanistan and the region. Based on the humanitarian needs notified, the German Government is currently assessing how to distribute the additional financial aid.
The German Government’s humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan is part of Germany’s humanitarian assistance around the globe, which is currently being deployed in more than 60 countries. Having provided a total of around 2.4 billion euro, Germany is once again the second-largest donor of humanitarian assistance in 2021.