Germany and Afghanistan: Bilateral relations

05.10.2021 - Article

German-Afghan relations date back to the first contacts between the governments of the German Reich and the Kingdom of Afghanistan in 1915. After the end of the Taliban rule in late 2001, the German Ambassador was the first head of mission to present his letter of credence to the new Interim Administration. In 2001 and 2011, Germany held two ground-breaking conferences on the future of Afghanistan.

Following the end of NATO’s ISAF mission, Germany was from 2015 the second largest troop contributor to NATO’s Resolute Support Mission seeking to train, advise and support the Afghan defence and security forces. Following the joint decision of NATO partners to end the mission, the Federal Government also withdrew its soldiers from Afghanistan in summer 2021.

When the Taliban assumed power on 15 August 2021, the Federal Government suspended its hitherto comprehensive support in the sphere of development cooperation but continues its substantial involvement in humanitarian assistance for the people in Afghanistan and Afghan refugees in neighbouring countries.

In 2020, German humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan was to the tune of 26.4 million euro and totals some 451.4 million euro since 2001. Following developments in August 2021, the Federal Government increased its humanitarian assistance for Afghanistan and the region by 100 million euro and plans to earmark a further 500 million euro for assistance measures in Afghanistan and neighbouring countries.

The German Embassy in Kabul has been closed since 15 August. The Federal Government maintains contacts with the political leadership of the Taliban through the Taliban’s political office in Doha. Thanks to the military evacuation flights from Kabul in August 2021, the Federal Government managed to bring more than 5300 people to safety.

The Federal Government continues to help people for whom Germany bears a special responsibility to leave Afghanistan. Germany’s efforts are targeting German nationals, local employees of German agencies and Afghans who have been identified by the German Government as being particularly at risk and who have received approval for admission to Germany from the Federal Government.

Information about German development cooperation with Afghanistan can be found on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.



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