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Germany and Georgia: Bilateral relations

04.05.2022 - Article

Political relations

On 23 March 1992, Germany was the first country in the European Community to recognise Georgia under international law after it gained independence in 1991. The two countries established diplomatic relations on 13 April 1992, and the German embassy was opened that same year. Relations between Germans and Georgians can be traced back more than 200 years to 1817, when Swabian immigrants first arrived in Georgia.

Within the European Union, Germany advocates closer ties with Georgia. Germany actively supported the inclusion of Georgia in the Eastern Partnership and, together with France, pushed for the signing of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement, which incorporates a free trade area and has been in force in its entirety since 1 July 2016.

Germany supports Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity without reservation and is actively involved in the European Union Monitoring Mission (EUMM). Following on from Ukraine and Moldova, Georgia submitted a formal EU accession application on 3 March 2022.

Economic relations

An agreement on the promotion and mutual protection of investments (1998) and a double taxation agreement (2007) are just two of the international treaties which form the basis for bilateral economic exchange.

In 2020, trade between Germany and Georgia was worth some 409 million euro. Georgian imports from Germany – mainly cars and car parts, machinery and chemical products – amounted to 316 million euro. Georgia’s main exports to Germany were food (in particular nuts) and textiles.

Development cooperation

When it comes to development cooperation, Germany is one of the principal bilateral donors along with the United States. Together with France, it is the largest bilateral donor in the EU (2019). Prime examples in the field of financial cooperation are the beacon projects to build municipal water infrastructure in Batumi and to expand the electricity transmission network. In the field of technical cooperation, Germany is supporting strategically important reform projects such as the far-reaching and complex process to decentralise public administration, as well as future-oriented topics such as sustainable urban mobility. As part of the BMZ 2030 reform of German development cooperation, Georgia was upgraded to one of 60 bilateral partner countries.

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