Germany and Georgia: Bilateral Relations Georgia

05.03.2021 - Article


On 23 March 1992, Germany was the first country in the European Community to recognise Georgia under international law after it gained independence in 1991. The two countries established diplomatic relations on 13 April 1992, and the German embassy was opened that same year. Relations between Germans and Georgians can be traced back more than 200 years to 1817, when Swabian immigrants first arrived in Georgia.

Within the European Union, Germany advocates closer ties with Georgia. Germany actively supported the inclusion of Georgia in the Eastern Partnership and, together with France, pushed for the signing of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement, which incorporates a free trade area and has been in force in its entirety since 1 July 2016.

Germany supports Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity without reservation and is actively involved in the European Union Monitoring Mission (EUMM).


An agreement on the promotion and mutual protection of investments (1998) and a double taxation agreement (2007) are just two of the international treaties which form the basis for bilateral economic exchange.

In 2020, trade between Germany and Georgia was worth some 409 million euros. Georgian imports from Germany – mainly cars and car parts, machinery and chemical products – amounted to 316 million euros. Georgia’s main exports to Germany were food (in particular nuts) and textiles.

Development cooperation

The German Government promotes regional integration, not least through its Caucasus Initiative, which is being conducted as part of German development cooperation. The priority areas are the environment and energy, sustainable economic development, democracy, and municipal development and the rule of law.

The substantial development assistance provided by the German Government and the wide range of cultural, academic and personal contacts are greatly appreciated by Georgians.

Additional content

Georgia is a partner country of German development cooperation. For more information please visit the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development


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