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Weimar Triangle: 30 years of cross-border cooperation between Germany, France and Poland

27.08.2021 - Article

The Weimar Triangle provides Germany, France and Poland with an important forum in which to coordinate approaches to cross-border and European issues. Alongside the governments themselves, the parliaments and civil societies of the three countries are also working closely together.

The French, Polish and German flags outside Weimar City Hall
The French, Polish and German flags outside Weimar City Hall© picture-alliance/dpa

On 28 August 1991, the then foreign ministers of Germany, France and Poland – Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Roland Dumas and Krzysztof Skubiszewski – met in Weimar on Goethe’s birthday to set up the Weimar Triangle.


 Their aim was to identify shared fundamental interests regarding Europe’s future and to extend cross-border cooperation. In a 10-point declaration, the ministers underscored the major responsibility the three countries shoulder for the European integration process. Historic milestones since then include in particular Poland joining both NATO (1999) and the European Union (2004).

28/29 August 2021 marks the 30th anniversary of the founding of the Weimar Triangle. Three decades after it was established, this trilateral negotiation and cooperation format is more important than ever when it comes to injecting fresh impetus into political and civil society dialogue and thereby making Europe more united and able to act. The Weimar Triangle thus symbolises how Europe's future can be jointly shaped at many different levels and across borders.

Meetings at government Level

The Ministers for Foreign and European Affairs of the three countries meet regularly for trilateral talks to discuss current political issues and develop joint initiatives.

  • Foreign Ministers meeting: Heiko Maas, Jean-Yves Le Drian and Zbigniew Rau last met in the Weimar Format in Paris on 15 October 2020. You can find the text of the joint declaration they adopted here.
  • Ministers for European Affairs Michael Roth, his then colleague Amélie de Montchalin and Konrad Szymański last met on 21 January 2020 in Lens (France). The text of the joint statement adopted at the meeting can be found here.

There are also regular meetings under the aegis of the Weimar Triangle at the level of heads of government as well as individual line ministries.

Cooperation between parliaments
The former foreign ministers of Poland, Germany and France (left to right) Krzystof Skubiszewski, Hans-Dietrich Genscher and Roland Dumas in Weimar City Hall on Tuesday, 29 August 2006.
The former foreign ministers of Poland, Germany and France (left to right) Krzystof Skubiszewski, Hans-Dietrich Genscher and Roland Dumas in Weimar City Hall on Tuesday, 29 August 2006.© picture-alliance/ dpa

Parliamentary cooperation also plays a key role in the Weimar Triangle. As well as the parliamentary presidents and their deputies, a number of committees also convene in the trilateral format.

Civil society initiatives

In recent years, exchange at the level of civil society has become increasingly important – in the form of town twinning arrangements, youth exchanges and cultural events. These vibrant meetings play a crucial role in helping the citizens of these three countries at the heart of Europe grow even closer together.

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